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Title: Synthesis and chemical and biological comparison of nitroxyl- and nitric oxide-releasing diazeniumdiolate-based aspirin derivatives
Authors: Basudhar, Debashree
Bharadwaj, Gaurav
Cheng, Robert Y.
Jain, Sarthak
Shi, Sa
Heinecke, Julie L.
Holland, Ryan J.
Ridnour, Lisa A.
Caceres, Viviane de Menezes [UNIFESP]
Spadari-Bratfisch, Regina Celia [UNIFESP]
Paolocci, Nazareno
Velazquez-Martinez, Carlos A.
Wink, David A.
Miranda, Katrina M.
Univ Arizona
Univ Alberta
Johns Hopkins Med Inst
Harbin Med Univ
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Perugia
Issue Date: 24-Oct-2013
Publisher: Amer Chemical Soc
Citation: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. Washington: Amer Chemical Soc, v. 56, n. 20, p. 7804-7820, 2013.
Abstract: Structural modifications of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have successfully reduced the side effect of gastrointestinal ulceration without affecting anti-inflammatory activity, but they may increase the risk of myocardial infarction with chronic use. the fact that nitroxyl (HNO) reduces platelet aggregation, preconditions against myocardial infarction, and enhances contractility led us to synthesize a diazeniumdiolate-based HNO-releasing aspirin and to compare it to an NO-releasing analogue. Here, the decomposition mechanisms are described for these compounds. in addition to protection against stomach ulceration, these prodrugs exhibited significantly enhanced cytotoxcity compared to either aspirin or the parent diazeniumdiolate toward nonsmall cell lung carcinoma cells (A549), but they were not appreciably toxic toward endothelial cells (HUVECs). the HNO-NSAID prodrug inhibited cylcooxgenase-2 and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity and triggered significant sarcomere shortening on murine ventricular myocytes compared to control. Together, these anti-inflammatory, antineoplasic, and contractile properties suggest the potential of HNO-NSAIDs in the treatment of inflammation, cancer, or heart failure.
ISSN: 0022-2623
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Appears in Collections:Artigo

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