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Title: Integrated quality assessment of sediments from harbour areas in Santos-Sao Vicente Estuarine System, Southern Brazil
Authors: Buruaem, Lucas Moreira
Castro, Ítalo Braga de
Hortellani, Marcos Antonio
Taniguchi, Satie
Fillmann, Gilberto
Sasaki, Silvio Tarou
Varella Petti, Monica Angelica
Souza Sarkis, Jorge Eduardo de
Bicego, Marcia Caruso
Maranho, Luciane Alves
Davanso, Marcela Bergo
Nonato, Edmundo Ferraz
Cesar, Augusto [UNIFESP]
Costa-Lotufo, Leticia Veras
Souza Abessa, Denis Moledo de
Univ Fed Ceara
UNESP Paulista State Univ
FURG Fed Univ Rio Grande
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: lines-of-evidence approach
sediment quality triad
marine pollution
dredged material
integrated assessment
Issue Date: 20-Sep-2013
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science. London: Academic Press Ltd- Elsevier B.V., v. 130, p. 179-189, 2013.
Abstract: Santos-Sao Vicente Estuarine System is a highly populated coastal zone in Brazil and where it is located the major port of Latin America. Historically, port activities, industrial and domestic effluents discharges have constituted the main sources of contaminants to estuarine system. This study aimed to assess the recent status of sediment quality from 5 zones of Port of Santos by applying a lines-of-evidence approach through integrating results of: (I) acute toxicity of whole sediment and chronic toxicity of liquid phases; (2) grain size, organic matter, organic carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, trace metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, linear alkylbenzenes and butyltins; (3) benthic community descriptors. Results revealed a gradient of increasing contamination for metals and organic compounds, alongside with their geochemical carriers. Sediment liquid phases were more toxic compared to whole sediment. Low number of species and individuals indicated the impoverishment of benthic community. the use of sediment quality guidelines was more appropriate to predict sediment toxicity. the integration of results through Sediment Quality Triad approach and principal component analysis allowed observing the effects of natural stressors and dredging on sediment quality and benthic distribution. Even with recent governmental efforts to control, pollution is still relevant in Port of Santos and a threat to local ecosystems. (c) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0272-7714
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