Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/36759
Title: Estrogen receptor alpha/beta ratio and estrogen receptor beta as predictors of endocrine therapy responsiveness-a randomized neoadjuvant trial comparison between anastrozole and tamoxifen for the treatment of postmenopausal breast cancer
Authors: Madeira, Marcelo [UNIFESP]
Mattar, Andre [UNIFESP]
Logullo, Angela Flavia [UNIFESP]
Soares, Fernando Augusto
Gebrim, Luiz Henrique [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Albert Einstein Hosp
Perola Byington Hosp
AC Camargo Hosp
Keywords: Estrogen receptor beta
Breast cancer
Estrogen receptor
Aromatase inhibitors/Anastrozole
Tamoxifen
Ki67
Neoadjuvant therapy
Tumor markers
Issue Date: 18-Sep-2013
Publisher: Biomed Central Ltd
Citation: Bmc Cancer. London: Biomed Central Ltd, v. 13, 12 p., 2013.
Abstract: Background: the role of estrogen receptor beta (ER-beta) in breast cancer (BC) remains unclear. Some studies have suggested that ER-beta may oppose the actions of estrogen receptor alpha (ER-alpha), and clinical evidence has indicated that the loss of ER-beta expression is associated with a poor prognosis and resistance to endocrine therapy. the objective of the present study was to determine the role of ER-beta and the ER-alpha/ER-beta ratio in predicting the response to endocrine therapy and whether different regimens have any effect on ER-beta expression levels.Methods: Ninety postmenopausal patients with primary BC were recruited for a short-term double-blinded randomized prospective controlled study. To determine tumor cell proliferation, we measured the expression of Ki67 in tumor biopsy samples taken before and after 26 days of treatment with anastrozole 1 mg/day (N = 25), tamoxifen 20 mg/day (N = 24) or placebo (N = 29) of 78 participants. the pre-and post-samples were placed in tissue microarray blocks and submitted for immunohistochemical assay. Biomarker statuses (ER-beta, ER-alpha and Ki67) were obtained by comparing each immunohistochemical evaluation of the pre- and post-surgery samples using the semi-quantitative Allred's method. Statistical analyses were performed using an ANOVA and Spearman's correlation coefficient tests, with significance at p <= 0.05.Results: the frequency of ER-beta expression did not change after treatment (p = 0.33). There were no significant changes in Ki67 levels in ER-beta-negative cases (p = 0.45), but in the ER-beta-positive cases, the anastrozole (p = 0.01) and tamoxifen groups (p = 0.04) presented a significant reduction in post-treatment Ki67 scores. There was a weak but positive correlation between the ER-alpha and ER-beta expression levels. Only patients with an ER-alpha/ER-beta expression ratio between 1 and 1.5 demonstrated significant differences in Ki67 levels after treatment with anastrozole (p = 0.005) and tamoxifen (p = 0.026).Conclusions: Our results provide additional data that indicate that the measurement of ER-beta in BC patients may help predict tamoxifen and anastrozole responsiveness in the neoadjuvant setting. These effects of hormonal treatment appear to be dependent on the ratio of ER-alpha/ER-beta expression.
URI: http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/36759
ISSN: 1471-2407
Other Identifiers: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2407-13-425
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Artigo

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