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Title: Mouth breathing in children with learning disorders
Other Titles: Respiração bucal em crianças com dificuldade de aprendizado
Authors: Fensterseifer, Giovana Serrao
Carpes, Oswaldo
Weckx, Luc Louis Maurice [UNIFESP]
Martha, Viviane Feller
Pontifical Catholic Univ Rio Grande do Sul PUCRS
Pontificia Univ Catolica Rio Grande do Sul
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul
Keywords: adenoids
learning disorders
mouth breathing
nasal obstruction
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2013
Publisher: Assoc Brasileira Otorrinolaringologia & Cirurgia Cervicofacial
Citation: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology. São Paulo: Assoc Brasileira Otorrinolaringologia & Cirurgia Cervicofacial, v. 79, n. 5, p. 620-624, 2013.
Abstract: Given the importance of studying the causes of learning disorders, we designed this case-control study to assess the nasal cavity volume, pharyngeal and palatine tonsils in children with and without learning disabilities.Method: A total of forty-eight children were enrolled in the study: twenty-four coming from the Center for Evaluation and Early Stimulation (CADEP), in which the criterion is the school failure of at least two consecutive years; and twenty-four students with normal learning - which made up the control group. the children were submitted to ENT examination (history, physical examination) and specific tests (acoustic rhinometry, cavum radiography).Results: the results showed that students with learning disabilities have a higher prevalence of pharyngeal tonsil hypertrophy: p < 0.001, and palatine tonsil hypertrophy: p < 0.001. the average volume of the nasal cavities showed no statistically significant association with learning difficulties (P = 0.75).Conclusion: Based on this study, we concluded that children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy have more learning difficulties when compared to children without such hypertrophy.
ISSN: 1808-8694
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