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Title: Dragon's blood Croton palanostigma induces genotoxic effects in mice
Authors: Maistro, Edson Luis
Ganthous, Giulia
Machado, Marina da Silva
Zermiani, Tailyn
Andrade, Sergio Faloni de
Pires Rosa, Paulo Cesar [UNIFESP]
Perazzo, Fabio Ferreira [UNIFESP]
Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP
Univ Vale Itajai UNIVALI
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: Croton palanostigma
Dragon's blood
Sangre de grado
Comet assay
Micronucleus test
Issue Date: 20-May-2013
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Clare: Elsevier B.V., v. 147, n. 2, p. 406-411, 2013.
Abstract: Ethnopharmacological relevance: Dragon's blood is a dark-red sap produced by species from the genus Croton (Euphorbiaceae), which has been used as a famous traditional medicine since ancient times in many countries, with scarce data about its safe use in humans. in this research, we studied genotoxicity and clastogenicity of Croton palanostigma sap using the comet assay and micronucleus test in cells of mice submitted to acute treatment.Material and methods: HPLC analysis was performed to identify the main components of the sap. the sap was administered by oral gavage at doses of 300 mg/kg, 1000 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg. for the analysis, the comet assay was performed on the leukocytes and liver cells collected 24 h after treatment, and the micronucleus test (MN) on bone marrow cells. Cytotoxicity was assessed by scoring 200 consecutive polychromatic (PCE) and normochromatic (NCE) erythrocytes (PCE/NCE ratio).Results and conclusion: the alkaloid taspine was the main compound indentified in the crude sap of Croton palanostigma. the results of the genotoxicity assessment show that all sap doses tested produced genotoxic effects in leukocytes and liver cells and also produced clastogenic/aneugenic effects in bone marrow cells of mice at the two higher doses tested. the PCE/NCE ratio indicated no cytotoxicity. the data obtained suggest caution in the use of Croton palanostigma sap by humans considering its risk of carcinogenesis. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0378-8741
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