Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/36343
Title: Epidemiology of Psychotropic Drug Use in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Gaps in Mental Illness Treatments
Authors: Quintana, Maria Ines [UNIFESP]
Andreoli, Sergio Baxter [UNIFESP]
Moreira, Fernanda Gonçalves [UNIFESP]
Ribeiro, Wagner Silva [UNIFESP]
Feijo, Marcelo M. [UNIFESP]
Bressan, Rodrigo Affonso [UNIFESP]
Coutinho, Evandro Silva Freire
Mari, Jair de Jesus [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Santos Catholic Univ
Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz
Issue Date: 14-May-2013
Publisher: Public Library Science
Citation: Plos One. San Francisco: Public Library Science, v. 8, n. 5, 7 p., 2013.
Abstract: Objective: Estimate the prevalence of psychotropic drugs use in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and establish its relationship with the presence of mental disorders.Methods: A probabilistic sample of non-institutionalized individuals, from the general population of Rio de Janeiro (n = 1208; turn out:81%), 15 years or older, who were interviewed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview 2.1 (depression, anxiety-phobia, OCD\PTSD, alcoholism sections), and asked about their psychotropic use during a 12 and one-month period before the interview. Data were collected between June/2007-February/2008. the prevalence was estimated with a confidence interval of 95%. the associations between psychotropics use and mental disorders were analyzed through a logistic regression model (Odds Ration - OR).Results: the one-month prevalence of psychotropic drug use was 6.55%, 3.19% for men and 9.13% for women. Antidepressants were the most frequently used drug (2.78%), followed by anorectics (1.65%), tranquilizers (1.61%) and mood stabilizers (1.23%). General practitioners issued the highest number of prescriptions (46.3%), followed by psychiatrists (29.3%); 86.6% of the psychotropic drugs used were paid for by the patient himself. Individuals with increased likelihood of using psychotropic drugs were those that had received a psychiatric diagnosis during a one-month period before the study (OR:3.93), females (OR:1.82), separated/divorced (OR:2.23), of increased age (OR:1.03), with higher income (OR:2.96), and family history of mental disorder (OR:2.59); only 16% of the individuals with a current DSM IV diagnosis were using a psychotropic drug; 17% among individuals with a depression-related diagnosis and 8% with Phobic Anxiety Disorders-related diagnosis used psychotropics.Conclusion: Approximately 84% of individuals displaying some mental disorder did not use psychotropic drugs, which indicates an important gap between demand and access to treatment. A significant failure is evident in the health system for patients with mental disorders; this could be due to health workers' inability to recognize mental disorders among individuals.
URI: http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/36343
ISSN: 1932-6203
Other Identifiers: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062270
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