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Title: An antigenic domain within a catalytically active Leishmania infantum nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase (NTPDase 1) is a target of inhibitory antibodies
Authors: Ribeiro Gomes Maia, Ana Carolina
Porcino, Gabriane Nascimento
Detoni, Michelle de Lima
Emidio, Nayara Braga
Marconato, Danielle Gomes
Faria-Pinto, Priscila
Fessel, Melissa Regina
Reis, Alexandre Barbosa
Juliano, Luiz [UNIFESP]
Juliano, Maria Aparecida [UNIFESP]
Marques, Marcos Jose
Vasconcelos, Eveline Gomes
Univ Fed Juiz de Fora
Univ Fed Ouro Preto
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Fed Alfenas
Keywords: Leishmania (L.) chagasi
ATP diphosphohydrolase
Potato apyrase
Conserved domain
Visceral leishmaniasis
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2013
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Parasitology International. Clare: Elsevier B.V., v. 62, n. 1, p. 44-52, 2013.
Abstract: We identified a shared B domain within nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (NTPDases) of plants and parasites. Now, an NTPDase activity not affected by inhibitors of adenylate kinase and ATPases was detected in Leishmania infantum promastigotes. By non-denaturing gel electrophoresis of detergent-homogenized promastigote preparation, an active band hydrolyzing nucleosides di- and triphosphate was visualized and, following SDS-PAGE and silver staining was identified as a single polypeptide of 50 kDa. By Western blots, it was recognized by immune sera raised against potato apyrase (SA), r-pot B domain (SB), a recombinant polypeptide derived from the potato apyrase, and LbB1LJ (SC) or LbB2LJ (SD), synthetic peptides derived from the Leishmania NTPDase 1, and by serum samples from dogs with visceral leishmaniasis, identifying the antigenic L infantum NTPDase 1 and, also, its conserved B domain (r83-122). By immunoprecipitation assays and Western blots, immune sera SA and SB identified the catalytically active NTPDase 1 in promastigote preparation. in addition, the immune sera SB (44%) and SC or SD (87-99%) inhibited its activity, suggesting a direct effect on the B domain. By ELISA, 37%, 45% or 50% of 38 infected dogs were seropositive for r-pot B domain, LbB1LJ and LbB2LJ, respectively, confirming the B domain antigenicity. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1383-5769
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