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Title: Institutional prevention policies and rates of Group B Streptococcus infection among HIV-infected pregnant women and their infants in Latin America
Authors: Joao, Esau
Gouvea, Maria I.
Freimanis-Hance, Laura
Cohen, Rachel A.
Read, Jennifer S.
Melo, Victor
Duarte, Geraldo
Ivalo, Silvina
Machado, Daisy M. [UNIFESP]
Pilotto, Jose
Siberry, George K.
Hosp Fed Serv Estado Rio de Janeiro
Inst Pesquisa Clin Evandro Chagas IPEC FIOCRUZ
Westat Corp
Eunice Kennedy Shriver Natl Inst Child Hlth & Hum
Natl Vaccine Program Off
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Hosp Gen Agudos Jose Maria Ramos Mejia
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Hosp Geral Nova Iguacu
Fiocruz MS
Keywords: Group B Streptococcus
Infection rates
Institutional policy
Maternal HIV
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2013
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. Clare: Elsevier B.V., v. 120, n. 2, p. 144-147, 2013.
Abstract: Objective: To describe Group B Streptococcus (GBS) prevention policies at 12 Latin American sites participating in the NICHD (Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) International Site Development Initiative (NISDI) Longitudinal Study in Latin American Countries (LILAC) and to determine rates of rectovaginal colonization and GBS-related disease among HIV-infected pregnant women and their infants. Methods: Site surveys were used to assess prevention policies and practices administered cross-sectionally during 2010. Data collected in NISDI from 2008 to 2010 regarding HIV-infected pregnant women were used to determine rates of colonization and GBS-related disease. Results: of the 9 sites with a GBS prevention policy, 7 performed routine rectovaginal screening for GBS. of the 401 women included in the NISDI study, 56.9% were at sites that screened. the GBS colonization rate was 8.3% (19/228 women; 95% confidence interval [CI], 5.1%-12.7%). Disease related to GBS occurred in 0.5% of the participants (2/401 women; 95% CI, 0.1%-1.8%); however, no GBS-related disease was reported among the 398 infants (95% CI, 0.0%-0.9%). Conclusion: Improved efforts to implement prevention policies and continued surveillance for GBS are needed to understand the impact of GBS among HIV-infected pregnant women and their infants in Latin America. (c) 2012 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0020-7292
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