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Title: Effects of chronic treatment with corticosterone and imipramine on fos immunoreactivity and adult hippocampal neurogenesis
Authors: Diniz, Leila [UNIFESP]
Santos, Thays Brenner dos [UNIFESP]
Britto, Luiz Roberto Giorgetti de
Céspedes, Isabel Cristina [UNIFESP]
Garcia, Marcia Carvalho [UNIFESP]
Spadari-Bratfisch, Regina Celia [UNIFESP]
Medalha, Carla Christina [UNIFESP]
Castro, Glaucia Monteiro de [UNIFESP]
Montesano, Fábio Tadeu [UNIFESP]
Viana, Milena de Barros [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Keywords: Anxiety
Fos immunoreactivity
Hippocampal neurogenesis
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2013
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Behavioural Brain Research. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 238, p. 170-177, 2013.
Abstract: In a previous study we showed that rats chronically treated with corticosterone (CORT) display anxiogenic behavior, evidenced by facilitation of avoidance responses in the elevated T-maze (ETM) model of anxiety. Treatment with the tricyclic antidepressant imipramine significantly reversed the anxiogenic effects of CURT, while inhibiting ETM escape, a response related to panic disorder. To better understand the neurobiological mechanisms underlying these behavioral effects, analysis of c-fos protein immunoreactivity (fos-ir) was used here to map areas activated by chronic CORT (200 mg pellets, 21-day release) and imipramine (15 mg/kg, IP) administration. We also evaluated the number of cells expressing the neurogenesis marker doublecortin (DCX) in the hippocampus and measured plasma CURT levels on the 21st day of treatment. Results showed that CURT increased fos-ir in the ventrolateral septum, medial amygdala and paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus and decreased fos-ir in the lateral periaqueductal gray. Imipramine, on the other hand, increased fos-ir in the medial amygdala and decreased fos-ir in the anterior hypothalamus. CURT also decreased the number of DCX-positive cells in the ventral and dorsal hippocampus, an effect antagonized by imipramine. CURT levels were significantly higher after treatment. These data suggest that the behavioral effects of CURT and imipramine are mediated through specific, at times overlapping, neuronal circuits, which might be of relevance to a better understanding of the physiopathology of generalized anxiety and panic disorder. (c) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0166-4328
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