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Title: Bothrops leucurus venom induces nephrotoxicity in the isolated perfused kidney and cultured renal tubular epithelia
Authors: Oliveira de Morais, Isabel Cristina
Costa Torres, Alba Fabiola
Silva Pereira, Gustavo Jose da [UNIFESP]
Pereira, Ticiana Praciano
Pessoa Bezerra de Menezes, Ramon Roseo de Paula
Mello, Clarissa Perdigao
Coelho Jorge, Antonio Rafael
Binda, Alexandre Havt
Toyama, Marcos Hikari
Azul Monteiro, Helena Serra
Smaili, Soraya Soubhi [UNIFESP]
Costa Martins, Alice Maria
Univ Fed Ceara
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Paulista State Univ UNESP
Keywords: Bothrops leucurus
Renal tubular epithelia
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2013
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Toxicon. Oxford: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V., v. 61, p. 38-46, 2013.
Abstract: Bites from snake (Bothrops genus) cause local tissue damage and systemic complications, which include alterations such as hemostatic system and acute renal failure (ARF). Recent studies suggest that ARF pathogenesis in snakebite envenomation is multifactorial and involves hemodynamic disturbances, immunologic reactions and direct nephrotoxicity. the aim of the work was to investigate the effects of the Bothrops leucurus venom (BlV) in the renal perfusion system and in cultured renal tubular cells of the type MDCK (Madin-Darby Canine kidney). BlV (10 mu g/mL) reduced the perfusion pressure at 90 and 120 min. the renal vascular resistance (RVR) decreased at 120 min of perfusion. the effect on urinary flow (UF) and glomerular filtration rate (CFR) started 30 min after BlV infusion, was transient and returned to normal at 120 min of perfusion. It was also observed a decrease on percentual tubular transport of sodium (%TNa+) at 120 min and of chloride (%TCl-) at 60 and 90 min. the treatment with BlV caused decrease in cell viability to the lowest concentration tested with an IC50 of 1.25 mu g/mL. Flow cytometry with annexin V and propidium iodide showed that cell death occurred predominantly by necrosis. However, a cell death process may involve apoptosis in lower concentrations. BlV treatment (1.25 mu g/mL) led to significant depolarization of the mitochondrial membrane potential and, indeed, we found an increase in the expression of cell death genes in the lower concentrations tested. the venom also evoked an increase in the cytosolic Ca2+ in a concentration dependent manner, indicating that Ca2+ may participate in the venom of B. leucurus effect. the characterization of the effects in the isolated kidney and renal tubular cells gives strong evidences that the acute renal failure induced by this venom is a result of the direct nephrotoxicity which may involve the cell death mechanism. Published by Elsevier B.V.
ISSN: 0041-0101
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