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Title: Eosinophilic inflammation in allergic asthma
Authors: Possa, Samantha S.
Leick, Edna A.
Prado, Carla Maximo [UNIFESP]
Martins, Milton A.
Tiberio, Iolanda F. L. C.
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: airway remodeling
experimental models of asthma
respiratory hypersensitivity
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2013
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
Citation: Frontiers in Pharmacology. Lausanne: Frontiers Research Foundation, v. 4, 9 p., 2013.
Abstract: Eosinophils are circulating granulocytes involved in pathogenesis of asthma. A cascade of processes directed by Th2 cytokine producing T-cells influence the recruitment of eosinophils into the lungs. Furthermore, multiple elements including interleukin (IL)-5, IL-13, chemoattractants such as eotaxin, Clara cells, and CC chemokine receptor (CCR)3 are already directly involved in recruiting eosinophils to the lung during allergic inflammation. Once recruited, eosinophils participate in the modulation of immune response, induction of airway hyperresponsiveness and remodeling, characteristic features of asthma. Various types of promising treatments for reducing asthmatic response are related to reduction in eosinophil counts both in human and experimental models of pulmonary allergic inflammation, showing that the recruitment of these cells really plays an important role in the pathophysiology of allergic diseases such asthma.
ISSN: 1663-9812
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