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Title: Acute Kidney Injury Reduces Phagocytic and Microbicidal Capacities of Alveolar Macrophages
Authors: Silva, Reinaldo Correia [UNIFESP]
Landgraf, Maristella de Almeida [UNIFESP]
Correa-Costa, Matheus
Semedo, Patricia [UNIFESP]
Cenedeze, Marcos Antonio [UNIFESP]
Pacheco-Silva, Alvaro [UNIFESP]
Landgraf, Richardt Gama [UNIFESP]
Câmara, Niels Olsen Saraiva [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Keywords: Alveolar macrophages
Pulmonary inflammation
Klebsiella pneumonia
Ischaemia and reperfusion injury
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2013
Publisher: Karger
Citation: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry. Basel: Karger, v. 31, n. 2-3, p. 179-188, 2013.
Abstract: Background/Aims: Renal ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is a systemic inflammatory process in which Th1 responses predominate affecting other organs including the lungs. the present study explored the phagocytic and microbicidal capacity of macrophages in rats with lung inflammation that underwent IRI. Methods: the alveolar macrophages of rats sensitised to OVA were evaluated for phagocytosis and bacterial killing 24h after antigen challenge in animals with or without prior submission to 60 min of renal ischaemia. Results: Bronchoalveolar lavage had a high level of cellular infiltrate in immunised animals (420%) compared with control animals; IRI significantly reduced this infiltration (52%). Macrophages from animals immunised and challenged with OVA presented a 10x increase in phagocytic capacity compared to the control group, whereas immunised animals subjected to IRI showed a reduction in the phagocytic index of 68%. the killing of Klebsiella pneumoniae by macrophages from immunised animals was higher (56%) compared with the control group but reduced in animals submitted to IRI (45%). Immunised and challenged group showed an increase in gene expression levels of IL-10(450%), HO-1 (259%), INF-gamma (460%) and MCP-1 (370%) compared to the immunised group subjected to IRI. Conclusions: Renal ischaemia and reperfusion injury apparently alters the phagocytic and microbicidal capacity of macrophages, reducing lung inflammation to OVA. Copyright (C) 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel
ISSN: 1015-8987
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