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Title: Antioxidant and Cytotoxic Effects of Crude Extract, Fractions and 4-Nerolidylcathecol from Aerial Parts of Pothomorphe umbellata L. (Piperaceae)
Authors: Lopes, Andrey P. [UNIFESP]
Bagatela, Bianca S. [UNIFESP]
Rosa, Paulo C. P. [UNIFESP]
Nanayakkara, Dhammika N. P.
Tavares Carvalho, Jose Carlos
Maistro, Edson L.
Bastos, Jairo K.
Perazzo, Fabio F. [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Mississippi
Univ Fed Amapa
Univ Estadual Paulista
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2013
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Citation: Biomed Research International. New York: Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 5 p., 2013.
Abstract: The crude ethanolic extract from aerial parts of Pothomorphe umbellata L. (Piperaceae) and fractions obtained by partitions sequentially among water-methanol, methylene chloride, and ethyl acetate, as well as the major constituent, 4-nerolidylcatechol, were, respectively, evaluated and evidenced for antioxidant and cytotoxic effects through fluorometric microplate and microculture tetrazolium assays in HL-60 cells. the crude ethanolic extract demonstrated the preeminent antioxidant activity (IC50 = 1.2 mu g/mL) against exogenous cytoplasmic reactive oxygen species, followed by the water-methanolic (IC50 = 4.5 mu g/mL), methylene chloride (IC50 = 5.9 mu g/mL), ethyl acetate (IC50 = 8.0 mu g/mL), 4-nerolidylcatechol (IC50 = 8.6 mu g/mL), and the sterol fractions (IC50 > 12.5 mu g/mL). Vitamin C, the positive control used in this assay, presented IC50 value equivalent to 1.7 mu g/mL. 4-Nerolidylcatechol (IC50 = 0.4 mu g/mL) and methylene chloride fraction (IC50 = 2.3 mu g/mL) presented considerable cytotoxicity probably because of the presence of an o-quinone, an auto-oxidation by product of the catechol. Polar compounds, present in the ethanol extract, appear to increase the solubility and stability of the major active constituent, acting synergistically with 4-nerolidylcatechol, improving its pharmacokinetic parameters and increasing significantly its antioxidant activity which, in turn, suggests that the aqueous-ethanolic extract, used in folklore medicine, is safe and effective.
ISSN: 2314-6133
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