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Title: Effectiveness of probiotics in the prophylaxis of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm neonates: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Authors: Bernardo, Wanderley Marques
Aires, Felipe Toyama
Carneiro, Renata Mota
Sá, Fernando Pereira de
Rullo, Vera Esteves Vagnozzi [UNIFESP]
Burns, Dennis Alexander
Assoc Med Brasileira
Conselho Fed Med
Fac Ciencias Med Santos UNILUS
Soc Brasileira Pediat
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Soc Pediat Dist Fed
Keywords: Necrotizing enterocolitis
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2013
Publisher: Soc Brasil Pediatria
Citation: Jornal de Pediatria. Rio de Janeiro, Rj: Soc Brasil Pediatria, v. 89, n. 1, p. 18-24, 2013.
Abstract: Objective: To elucidate the benefits of using probiotics in the prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and its complications in preterm newborns.Method: This was a systematic review of randomized controlled trials, which included studies retrieved from three databases (MEDLINE, Embase, and LILACS), using a combination of the terms (necrotizing enterocolitis) and (probiotics).Results: 11 randomized trials were included, totaling 2,887 patients, 1,431 in the probiotic group and 1,456 in the control group. There was a reduction in the incidence of NEC (NNT = 25), overall death (NNT = 34), and neonatal sepsis (NNT = 34) in the probiotic group compared to the control group. Patients that received probiotic supplementation had lower food reintroduction time (p < 0.001) and hospitalization time (p < 0.001) when compared to those not receiving probiotics. There was no difference in mortality caused by NEC.Conclusion: in premature newborns, the use of probiotics is effective as a prophylaxis for NEC and its complications. (C) 2013 Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0021-7557
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