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Title: Heterogeneous behavior of lipids according to HbA1(c) levels undermines the plausibility of metabolic syndrome in type 1 diabetes: data from a nationwide multicenter survey
Authors: Giuffrida, Fernando de Mello Almada [UNIFESP]
Guedes, Alexis D.
Rocco, Eloa Roberta [UNIFESP]
Mory, Denise Barreto [UNIFESP]
Dualib, Patricia [UNIFESP]
Matos, Odelisa S.
Chaves-Fonseca, Reine M.
Cobas, Roberta A.
Negrato, Carlos Antonio
Gomes, Marilia B.
Dib, Sergio Atala [UNIFESP]
Brazilian Type 1 Diabet Study Group
CEDEBA Ctr Endocrinol Estado Bahia
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ)
Assoc Diabet Bauru
Keywords: Type 1 diabetes
Metabolic syndrome
Cardiovascular risk factor
Issue Date: 27-Dec-2012
Publisher: Biomed Central Ltd
Citation: Cardiovascular Diabetology. London: Biomed Central Ltd, v. 11, 8 p., 2012.
Abstract: Background: Cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) may cluster in type 1 diabetes, analogously to the metabolic syndrome described in type 2 diabetes. the threshold of HbA1(c) above which lipid variables start changing behavior is unclear. This study aims to 1) assess the behavior of dyslipidemia according to HbA1(c) values; 2) detect a threshold of HbA1(c) beyond which lipids start to change and 3) compare the clustering of lipids and other non-lipid CVRF among strata of HbA1(c) individuals with type 1 diabetes.Methods: Effects of HbA1(c) quintiles (1st: <= 7.4%; 2nd: 7.5-8.5%; 3rd: 8.6-9.6%; 4th: 9.7-11.3%; and 5th: > 11.5%) and covariates (gender, BMI, blood pressure, insulin daily dose, lipids, statin use, diabetes duration) on dyslipidemia were studied in 1275 individuals from the Brazilian multi-centre type 1 diabetes study and 171 normal controls.Results: Body size and blood pressure were not correlated to lipids and glycemic control. OR (99% CI) for high-LDL were 2.07 (1.21-3.54) and 2.51 (1.46-4.31), in the 4th and 5th HbA1(c) quintiles, respectively. Hypertriglyceridemia increased in the 5th quintile of HbA1(c), OR 2.76 (1.20-6.37). OR of low-HDL-cholesterol were 0.48 (0.24-0.98) and 0.41 (0.19-0.85) in the 3rd and 4th HbA1(c) quintiles, respectively. HDL-cholesterol correlated positively (0.437) with HbA1(c) in the 3rd quintile. HDL-cholesterol and insulin dose correlated inversely in all levels of glycemic control.Conclusions: Correlation of serum lipids with HbA1(c) is heterogeneous across the spectrum of glycemic control in type 1 diabetes individuals. LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides worsened alongside HbA1(c) with distinct thresholds. Association of lower HDL-cholesterol with higher daily insulin dose is consistent and it points out to a role of exogenous hyperinsulinemia in the pathophysiology of the CVRF clustering. These data suggest diverse pathophysiological processes depending on HbA1(c), refuting a unified explanation for cardiovascular risk in type 1 diabetes.
ISSN: 1475-2840
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