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Title: Altered of apoptotic markers of both extrinsic and intrinsic pathways induced by hepatitis C virus infection in peripheral blood mononuclear cells
Authors: Albertoni, Guilherme [UNIFESP]
Arnoni, Carine Prisco
Latini, Flavia Roche Moreira
Andrade, Sheila Siqueira [UNIFESP]
Araujo, Patricia Regina Barboza
Rodrigues, Flaviane Kesia
Rozenchan, Patricia Bortman [UNIFESP]
Mendes-Correa, Maria Cassia
Leite, Olavo Henrique Munhoz
Schor, Nestor [UNIFESP]
Girão, Manoel João Batista Castello [UNIFESP]
Barreto, Jose Augusto
Colsan Assoc Beneficente Coleta Sangue
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: HCV infection
Caspase 3
Caspase 8
Caspase 9
Issue Date: 20-Dec-2012
Publisher: Biomed Central Ltd
Citation: Virology Journal. London: Biomed Central Ltd, v. 9, 8 p., 2012.
Abstract: Background: Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) has emerged as a leading cause of cirrhosis in the U. S. and across the world. To understand the role of apoptotic pathways in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, we studied the mRNA and protein expression patterns of apoptosis-related genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) obtained from patients with HCV infection.Methods: the present study included 50 subjects which plasma samples were positive for HCV, but negative for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis B virus (HBV). These cases were divided into four groups according to METAVIR, a score-based analysis which helps to interpret a liver biopsy according to the degree of inflammation and fibrosis. mRNA expression of the studied genes were analyzed by reverse transcription of quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and protein levels, analyzed by ELISA, was also conducted. HCV genotyping was also determined.Results: HCV infection increased mRNA expression and protein synthesis of caspase 8 in group 1 by 3 fold and 4 fold, respectively (p < 0.05). in group 4 HCV infection increased mRNA expression and protein synthesis of caspase 9 by 2 fold and 1,5 fold, respectively (p < 0.05). Also, caspase 3 mRNA expression and protein synthesis had level augumented by HCV infection in group 1 by 4 fold and 5 fold, respectively, and in group 4 by 6 fold and 7 fold, respectively (p < 0.05).Conclusions: HCV induces alteration at both genomic and protein levels of apoptosis markers involved with extrinsic and intrinsic pathways.
ISSN: 1743-422X
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