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Title: Effect of 12 weeks of resistance exercise on post-exercise hypotension in stage 1 hypertensive individuals
Authors: Moraes, M. R. [UNIFESP]
Bacurau, Reury Frank Pereira
Simoes, H. G.
Campbell, C. S. G.
Pudo, M. A.
Wasinski, F. [UNIFESP]
Pesquero, J. B. [UNIFESP]
Wuertele, M. [UNIFESP]
Araujo, R. C. [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Mogi das Cruzes
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Univ Catolica Brasilia
Keywords: post-exercise hypotension
strength exercise
blood pressure
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2012
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Citation: Journal of Human Hypertension. London: Nature Publishing Group, v. 26, n. 9, p. 533-539, 2012.
Abstract: Post-exercise hypotension (PEH), the reduction of blood pressure (BP) after a single bout of exercise, is of great clinical relevance. As the magnitude of this phenomenon seems to be dependent on pre-exercise BP values and chronic exercise training in hypertensive individuals leads to BP reduction; PEH could be attenuated in this context. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether PEH remains constant after resistance exercise training. Fifteen hypertensive individuals (46 +/- 8 years; 88 +/- 16 kg; 30 +/- 6% body fat; 150 +/- 13/93 +/- 5mm Hg systolic/diastolic BP, SBP/DBP) were withdrawn from medication and performed 12 weeks of moderate-intensity resistance training. Parameters of cardiovascular function were evaluated before and after the training period. Before the training program, hypertensive volunteers showed significant PEH. After an acute moderate-intensity resistance exercise session with three sets of 12 repetitions (60% of one repetition maximum) and a total of seven exercises, BP was reduced post-exercise (45-60 min) by an average of aproximately -22mm Hg for SBP, -8mm Hg for DBP and -13 mm Hg for mean arterial pressure (P<0.05). However, this acute hypotensive effect did not occur after the 12 weeks of training (P>0.05). in conclusion, our data demonstrate that PEH, following an acute exercise session, can indeed be attenuated after 12 weeks of training in hypertensive stage 1 patients not using antihypertensive medication. Journal of Human Hypertension (2012) 26, 533-539; doi:10.1038/jhh.2011.67; published online 7 July 2011
ISSN: 0950-9240
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