Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Factors associated with clinical, immunological and virological responses in protease-inhibitor-experienced brazilian children receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy containing Lopinavir-Ritonavir
Authors: Machado, Daisy Maria [UNIFESP]
Gouvêa, Aida de Fátima Thomé Barbosa [UNIFESP]
Cardoso, Maria Regina
Beltrão, Suênia Vasconcelos [UNIFESP]
Cunegundes, Kelly Simone [UNIFESP]
Bononi, Fabiana [UNIFESP]
Almeida, Fernanda [UNIFESP]
Cavalheiro, Kaline [UNIFESP]
Angelis, Daniela Souza Araújo de
Succi, Regina Célia de Menezes [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
São Paulo University Faculty of Public Health
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Keywords: HIV
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2007
Publisher: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Citation: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases. Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases, v. 11, n. 1, p. 16-19, 2007.
Abstract: This study evaluates clinical, virological and immunological responses to antiretroviral (ARV) therapy based on Lopinavir/ritonovir (LPV/r) in previously protease -inhibitor-experienced children. The study included 29 Brazilian children (median age = 5.91 years) who had failed previous ARV therapy and had begun a regimen based on LPV/r. At 12 months follow-up, a good virological response to LPV/r therapy was defined as achieving an undetectable viral load or as a decrease in plasma HIV RNA levels to > 1 log. A good immunological response was defined as an increase in CD4+ cell count from baseline sufficient to attain a better CDC immune stage classification. The number of infectious episodes 12 months before and 12 months after beginning LPV/r was assessed. Sixteen (55.2%) and 19 (65.5%) of 29 patients exhibited good virological and immunological responses, respectively. Baseline CD4+ values (>500) predicted both virological and immunological responses (p<0.05). Older children were less likely to develop an immunological response (p<0.001) than younger children. Nine children receiving 3 ARV drugs plus LPV/r showed an immunological response (100%) compared to 10/20 (50%) children receiving 2 drugs plus LPV/r (p=0.01). A lower number (n<5) of infectious episodes was noted after 12 months follow-up in children using the LPV/r regimen (p=0.006). There was a positive correlation between children whose baseline CD4+ values were greater than 500 cells/mm³ and virological responses. Although virological responses to therapy were seen in about half the children (55.2%), the use of HAART containing LPV/r provided clinical and immmunological benefits.
ISSN: 1413-8670
Other Identifiers:
Appears in Collections:Em verificação - Geral

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
S1413-86702007000100006.pdf52.72 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.