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Title: Role of chymase in diabetic nephropathy
Authors: Cristovam, Priscila C. [UNIFESP]
Carmona, Adriana K. [UNIFESP]
Arnoni, Carine P. [UNIFESP]
Maquigussa, Edgar [UNIFESP]
Pereira, Luciana G. [UNIFESP]
Boim, Mirian A. [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: chymase
mesangial cells
diabetic nephropathy
TGF-beta 1
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2012
Publisher: Royal Soc Medicine Press Ltd
Citation: Experimental Biology and Medicine. London: Royal Soc Medicine Press Ltd, v. 237, n. 8, p. 985-992, 2012.
Abstract: Chymase is an alternative pathway for angiotensin-converting enzyme in angiotensin II (Ang II) formation, and its expression is increased in human diabetic kidneys and in human mesangial cells (MCs) stimulated with high glucose. in addition, chymase activates transforming growth factor (TGF-beta 1) via an Ang II-independent pathway. the aim of this study was to evaluate the role of chymase on TGF-beta 1 activation in diabetic rats and in rat MCs (RMCs) stimulated with high glucose (HG). Diabetes was induced in male Wistar rats by streptozotocin (60 mg/kg, intravenous). After 30 (D30) or 60 (D60) days, chymase activity and the expression of profibrotic markers were evaluated. RMCs were stimulated with HG in the presence or absence of 50 mu mol/L chymostatin, a chymase inhibitor, or 100 nmol/L of losartan, an Ang II antagonist. Chymase activity and expression increased in 060 kidneys, with increased expression of fibronectin, type I and III collagen, TGF-beta 1 and Smad 3 and with no change in Smad 7 expression. RMCs exposed to HG presented increases in chymase activity and expression, together with upregulation in fibrosis markers and in the TGF-beta 1 signaling pathway. All these effects were reversed by chymostatin and by losartan, but type 1 angiotensin II receptor blockade did not interfere with the Smad 3 and 7 pathway. Similar to HG-stimulated RMCs, control RMCs treated with chymase responded with increased expression of TGF-beta 1, Smad 3 and fibrosis markers. These effects were reversed by chymostatin but not by losartan. the results indicate an important role for chymase in inducing fibrosis through TGF-beta 1 activation, parallel with Ang II effects.
ISSN: 1535-3702
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