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Title: Salivary IgA antibody responses to Streptococcus mitis and Streptococcus mutans in preterm and fullterm newborn children
Authors: Nogueira, Ruchele Dias
Talarico Sesso, Maria Lucia
Loureiro Borges, Mariana Castro
Mattos-Graner, Renata O.
Smith, Daniel James
Ferriani, Virginia Paes Leme [UNIFESP]
Univ Uberaba
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
Forsyth Inst
Keywords: Streptococcus mutans
Streptococcus mitis
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2012
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Archives of Oral Biology. Oxford: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V., v. 57, n. 6, p. 647-653, 2012.
Abstract: Objectives: the intensities and specificities of salivary IgA antibody responses to antigens of Streptococcus mutans, the main pathogen of dental caries, may influence colonization by these organisms during the first 1.5 year of life. Thus, the ontogeny of salivary IgA responses to oral colonizers continues to warrant investigation, especially with regard to the influence of birth conditions, e.g. prematurity, on the ability of children to efficiently respond to oral microorganisms. in this study, we characterised the salivary antibody responses to two bacterial species which are prototypes of pioneer and pathogenic microorganisms of the oral cavity (Streptococcus mitis and Streptococcus mutans, respectively) in fullterm (FT) and preterm (PT) newborn children.Methods: Salivas from 123 infants (70 FT and 53 PT) were collected during the first 10 h after birth and levels of IgA and IgM antibodies and the presence of S. mutans and S. mitis were analysed respectively by ELISA and by chequerboard DNA-DNA hybridization. Two subgroups of 24 FT and 24 PT children were compared with respect to patterns of antibody specificities against S. mutans and S. mitis antigens, using Western blot assays. Cross-adsorption of 10 infant's saliva was tested to S. mitis, S. mutans and Enterococcus faecalis antigens.Results: Salivary levels of IgA at birth were 2.5-fold higher in FT than in PT children (Mann-Whitney; P < 0.05). Salivary IgA antibodies reactive with several antigens of S. mitis and S. mutans were detected at birth in children with undetectable levels of those bacteria. Adsorption of infant saliva with cells of S. mutans produced a reduction of antibodies recognizing S. mitis antigens in half of the neonates. the diversity and intensity of IgA responses were lower in PT compared to FT children, although those differences were not significant.Conclusion: These data provide evidence that children have salivary IgA antibodies shortly after birth, which might influence the establishment of the oral microbiota, and that the levels of salivary antibody might be related to prematurity. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0003-9969
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