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Title: Exposure of luminal membranes of LLC-PK1 cells to ANG II induces dimerization of AT(1)/AT(2) receptors to activate SERCA and to promote Ca2+ mobilization
Authors: Ferrao, Fernanda M.
Lara, Lucienne S.
Axelband, Flavia
Dias, Juliana
Carmona, Adriana K. [UNIFESP]
Reis, Rosana I.
Costa-Neto, Claudio M.
Vieyra, Adalberto
Lowe, Jennifer
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)
Inst Nacl Ciencia & Tecnol Biol Estrutural & Bioi
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Keywords: luminal effect of ANG II
Ca2+ sparks
proximal tubule Ca2+ homeostasis
fluid reabsorption
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2012
Publisher: Amer Physiological Soc
Citation: American Journal of Physiology-renal Physiology. Bethesda: Amer Physiological Soc, v. 302, n. 7, p. F875-F883, 2012.
Abstract: Ferrao FM, Lara LS, Axelband F, Dias J, Carmona AK, Reis RI, Costa-Neto CM, Vieyra A, Lowe J. Exposure of luminal membranes of LLC-PK1 cells to ANG II induces dimerization of AT(1)/AT(2) receptors to activate SERCA and to promote Ca2+ mobilization. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 302: F875-F883, 2012. First published January 4, 2012; doi:10.1152/ajprenal.00381.2011.-ANG II is secreted into the lumens of proximal tubules where it is also synthesized, thus increasing the local concentration of the peptide to levels of potential physiological relevance. in the present work, we studied the effect of ANG II via the luminal membranes of LLC-PK1 cells on Ca2+-ATPase of the sarco(endo) plasmic reticulum (SERCA) and plasma membrane (PMCA). ANG II (at concentrations found in the lumen) stimulated rapid (30 s) and persistent (30 min) SERCA activity by more than 100% and increased Ca2+ mobilization. Pretreatment with ANG II for 30 min enhanced the ANG II-induced Ca2+ spark, demonstrating a positively self-sustained stimulus of Ca2+ mobilization by ANG II. ANG II in the medium facing the luminal side of the cells decreased with time with no formation of metabolites, indicating peptide internalization. ANG II increased heterodimerization of AT(1) and AT(2) receptors by 140%, and either losartan or PD123319 completely blocked the stimulation of SERCA by ANG II. Using the PLC inhibitor U73122, PMA, and calphostin C, it was possible to demonstrate the involvement of a PLC -> DAG(PMA)-> PKC pathway in the stimulation of SERCA by ANG II with no effect on PMCA. We conclude that ANG II triggers SERCA activation via the luminal membrane, increasing the Ca2+ stock in the reticulum to ensure a more efficient subsequent mobilization of Ca2+. This first report on the regulation of SERCA activity by ANG II shows a new mechanism for Ca2+ homeostasis in renal cells and also for regulation of Ca2+-modulated fluid reabsorption in proximal tubules.
ISSN: 1931-857X
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