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Title: Intrauterine food restriction alters the expression of uncoupling proteins in brown adipose tissue of rat newborns
Authors: Souza, Thais L. V. [UNIFESP]
Coelho, Carolina T. [UNIFESP]
Guimarães, Paola Bianchi [UNIFESP]
Goto, Eduardo M. [UNIFESP]
Silva, Sylvia Maria A. [UNIFESP]
Silva, Jose Antonio
Nunes, Maria Tereza
Ihara, Silvia S. M. [UNIFESP]
Luz, Jacqueline [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Nove Julho
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Keywords: Body temperature
Maternal food restriction
Uncoupling proteins
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2012
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Journal of Thermal Biology. Oxford: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V., v. 37, n. 2, p. 138-143, 2012.
Abstract: A previous study from our laboratory showed that maternal food restriction (MFR) delays thermoregulation in newborn rats. in neonates brown adipose tissue (BAT) is essential for thermogenesis due to the presence of uncoupling proteins (UCPs). the aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of MFR on the UCPs mRNA and protein expression in BAT and skeletal muscle (SM) of the newborn rat. Female Wistar EPM-1 control rats (CON) received chow ad libitum during pregnancy, whereas food-restricted dams (RES) received 50% of the amount ingested by CON. Fifteen hours after birth, the litters were weighed and sacrificed. Blood was collected for hormonal analysis. BAT and SM were used for determination of UCPs mRNA and protein expression, and Ca2+-ATPase sarcoplasmic reticulum (SERCA1). RES pups showed a significant reduction in body weight and fat content at birth. MFR caused a significant increase in the expression of UCP1 and UCP2 in BAT, without changes in UCP3 and SERCA1 expression in BAT and SM. No differences between groups were found for leptin, T4 and glucose levels. RES pups showed increased insulin and decreased T3 levels. the delay in development of thermoregulation previously described in RES animals appears not to result from impairment in thermogenesis, but from an increase in heat loss, since MFR caused low birth weight in pups, leading to greater surface/volume ratio. the higher expression of UCP1 and UCP2 in BAT suggests a compensatory mechanism to increased thermogenesis. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0306-4565
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