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Title: Nec-1 Protects against Nonapoptotic Cell Death in Cisplatin-Induced Kidney Injury
Authors: Tristao, Vivian Regina [UNIFESP]
Goncalves, Paula Fernanda [UNIFESP]
Dalboni, Maria Aparecida [UNIFESP]
Batista, Marcelo Costa [UNIFESP]
Durao, Marcelino de Souza [UNIFESP]
Martins Monte, Julio Cesar [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: necrostatin-1
acute kidney injury
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2012
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Citation: Renal Failure. London: Informa Healthcare, v. 34, n. 3, p. 373-377, 2012.
Abstract: Background/aims: Necrostatin-1 (Nec-1) inhibits necroptosis, a nonapoptotic cell death pathway. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a clinical problem of high incidence and mortality. It involves several mechanisms of cell death. We aim to evaluate the effect of Nec-1 in the toxic kidney injury model by cisplatin. Methods: We analyzed the effect of Nec-1 in AKI by cisplatin in human proximal tubule cells by flow cytometry. Results: Our results show that Nec-1 has no effect on apoptosis in renal tubular epithelial cells (Nec-1 + Cis group 13.4 +/- 1.7% vs. Cis group 14.6 +/- 1.4%) (p > 0.05). But, in conditions in which apoptosis was blocked by benzyloxy-carbonyl-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethyl ketone (z-VAD-fmk) the use of Nec-1 completely reversed cell viability (Nec-1 + Cis + z-VAD group 72.9 +/- 6.3% vs. Cis group 35.5 +/- 2.2%) (p < 0.05) suggesting that Nec-1 has effect on nonapoptotic cell death (necroptosis). Conclusion: Our findings suggest that the combined use of apoptosis and necroptosis inhibitors can provide additional cytoprotection in AKI. Furthermore, this is the first study to demonstrate that Nec-1 inhibits tubular kidney cell death and restores cell viability via a nonapoptotic mechanism.
ISSN: 0886-022X
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