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Title: Identification of a metallopeptidase with TOP-like activity in Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, with increased expression in a virulent strain
Authors: Gravi, Ellen Tihe [UNIFESP]
Paschoalin, Thaysa [UNIFESP]
Dias, Bianca Rachid [UNIFESP]
Moreira, Dayson F.
Belizario, Jose Ernesto [UNIFESP]
Oliveira, Vitor [UNIFESP]
Carmona, Adriana Karaoglanovic [UNIFESP]
Juliano, Maria Aparecida [UNIFESP]
Travassos, Luiz Rodolpho [UNIFESP]
Rodrigues, Elaine Guadelupe [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Keywords: Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
thimet oligopeptidase
FRET peptides
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2012
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Citation: Medical Mycology. London: Informa Healthcare, v. 50, n. 1, p. 81-90, 2012.
Abstract: Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), caused by the pathogenic fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, is a systemic mycosis with severe acute and chronic forms. the pathology of PCM is not completely understood, and the role of proteases in the infection is not clearly defined. in this report, we describe a metallopeptidase activity in P. brasiliensis total and cytosolic protein extracts similar to that of mammalian thimet oligopeptidase (TOP). the analogous enzyme was suggested by analysis of P. brasiliensis genome data-bank and by hydrolytic activity of the FRET peptide Abz-GFSPFRQ-EDDnp which was completely inhibited by o-phenanthrolin and significantly inhibited by the TOP inhibitor, JA-2. This activity was also partially inhibited by IgG purified from patients with PCM, but not from normal individuals. As shown by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), the hydrolysis of bradykinin had the same pattern as that of mammalian TOP, and anti-mammalian TOP antibodies significantly inhibited fungal cytosolic peptidase activity. Moreover, anti-mammalian TOP antibodies recognized a component of 80 kDa on fungal cytosol. A P. brasiliensis virulent isolate showed higher gene expression and TOP-like peptidase activity than a non-virulent strain. the release of enzyme following fungal lysis would be consistent with host antibody production and may have a role in the pathogenesis, inflammation and further development of the mycosis.
ISSN: 1369-3786
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Appears in Collections:Artigo

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