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Title: Type of diet modulates the metabolic response to sleep deprivation in rats
Authors: Martins, Paulo J. F. [UNIFESP]
Fernandes, Leandro [UNIFESP]
Oliveira, Allan C. de [UNIFESP]
Tufik, Sergio [UNIFESP]
D'Almeida, Vania [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: Body weight
liquid diet
liver glycogen
sleep deprivation
energy intake
Issue Date: 12-Dec-2011
Publisher: Biomed Central Ltd
Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism. London: Biomed Central Ltd, v. 8, 12 p., 2011.
Abstract: Background: Evidence suggests that sleep loss is associated with an increased risk of obesity and diabetes; however, animal models have failed to produce weight gain under sleep deprivation (SD). Previous studies have suggested that this discrepancy could be due to more extreme SD conditions in experimental animals, their higher resting metabolic rate than that of humans, and the decreased opportunity for animals to ingest high-calorie foods. Thus, our objective was to determine whether diets with different textures/compositions could modify feeding behavior and affect the metabolic repercussions in SD in rats.Methods: Three groups of male rats were used: one was designated as control, one was sleep deprived for 96 h by the platform technique (SD 96h) and one was SD 96h followed by a 24-h recovery (rebound). in the first experiment, the animals were fed chow pellets (CPs); in the second, they received high-fat diet and in the third, they were fed a liquid diet (LD).Results: We observed that SD induces energy deficits that were related to changes in feeding behavior and affected by the type of diet consumed. Regardless of the diet consumed, SD consistently increased animals' glucagon levels and decreased their leptin and triacylglycerol levels and liver glycogen stores. However, such changes were mostly avoided in the rats on the liquid diet. SD induces a wide range of metabolic and hormonal changes that are strongly linked to the severity of weight loss.Conclusions: the LD, but not the CP or high-fat diets, favored energy intake, consequently lessening the energy deficit induced by SD.
ISSN: 1743-7075
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