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Title: Biological and conformational evaluation of angiotensin II lactam bridge containing analogues
Authors: Oliveira Junior, Vani Xavier
Fázio, Marcos Antonio [UNIFESP]
Silva, Adriana Farias
Campana, Patricia Targon
Pesquero, João Bosco [UNIFESP]
Santos, Edson Lucas
Costa-Neto, Cláudio Miguel
Miranda, Antonio [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Fundacao Univ Fed Grande Dourados
Keywords: Angiotensin II
Lactam bridge
Circular dichroism
Issue Date: 10-Dec-2011
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Regulatory Peptides. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 172, n. 1-3, p. 1-7, 2011.
Abstract: Angiotensin II (All) is the active octapeptide product of the renin enzymatic cascade, which is responsible for sustaining blood pressure. in an attempt to establish the All-receptor-bound conformation of this octapeptide, we designed conformationally constrained analogues by scanning the entire All sequence with an i-(i+2) and i-(i + 3) lactam bridge consisting of an Asp-(Xaa)(n)-Lys scaffold. Most analogues presented low agonistic activity when compared to All in the different bioassays tested. the exceptions are cyclo(0-1a) [Asp(0), endo-(Lys(1a))]-All (1) and [Asp(0), endo-(Lys(1a))]-All (2), both of which showed activity similar to All. Based on peptide 1 and the analogue cyclo(3-5)[Sar(1), Asp(3), Lys(5)]-All characterized by Matsoukas et al., we analyzed the agonistic and antagonistic activities, respectively, through a new monocyclic peptide series synthesized by using the following combinations of residues as bridgehead elements for the lactam bond formation: D- or L-Asp combined with D- or L-Lys or L-Glu combined with L-Orn. Six analogues showed an approximately 20% increase in biological activity when compared with peptide (1) and were equipotent to All. in contrast, six analogues presented antagonistic activity. These results suggest that the position of the lactam bridge is more important than the bridge length or chirality for recognition of and binding to the angiotensin 11 AT1-receptor. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0167-0115
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