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Title: Bothrops jararaca Peptide with Anti-Hypertensive Action Normalizes Endothelium Dysfunction Involved in Physiopathology of Preeclampsia
Authors: Benedetti, Gabriel [UNIFESP]
Morais, Katia L. P. [UNIFESP]
Guerreiro, Juliano R.
Oliveira, Eduardo Fontana de [UNIFESP]
Hoshida, Mara Sandra
Oliveira, Leandro
Sass, Nelson
Lebrun, Ivo
Ulrich, Henning
Lameu, Claudiana
Martins de Camargo, Antonio Carlos
Inst Butantan
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Hosp Maternidade Vila Nova Cachoeirinha
Issue Date: 17-Aug-2011
Publisher: Public Library Science
Citation: Plos One. San Francisco: Public Library Science, v. 6, n. 8, 7 p., 2011.
Abstract: Preeclampsia, a pregnancy-specific syndrome characterized by hypertension, proteinuria and edema, is a major cause of fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality especially in developing countries. Bj-PRO-10c, a proline-rich peptide isolated from Bothrops jararaca venom, has been attributed with potent anti-hypertensive effects. Recently, we have shown that Bj-PRO-10c-induced anti-hypertensive actions involved NO production in spontaneous hypertensive rats. Using in vitro studies we now show that Bj-PRO-10c was able to increase NO production in human umbilical vein endothelial cells from hypertensive pregnant women (HUVEC-PE) to levels observed in HUVEC of normotensive women. Moreover, in the presence of the peptide, eNOS expression as well as argininosuccinate synthase activity, the key rate-limiting enzyme of the citrulline-NO cycle, were enhanced. in addition, excessive superoxide production due to NO deficiency, one of the major deleterious effects of the disease, was inhibited by Bj-PRO-10c. Bj-PRO-10c induced intracellular calcium fluxes in both, HUVEC-PE and HUVEC, which, however, led to activation of eNOS expression only in HUVEC-PE. Since Bj-PRO-10c promoted biological effects in HUVEC from patients suffering from the disorder and not in normotensive pregnant women, we hypothesize that Bj-PRO-10c induces its anti-hypertensive effect in mothers with preeclampsia. Such properties may initiate the development of novel therapeutics for treating preeclampsia.
ISSN: 1932-6203
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