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Title: Alcohol and Domestic Violence: A Cross-Over Study in Residences of Individuals in Brazil
Authors: Moreira, Tais de Campos
Ferigolo, Maristela
Fernandes, Simone
Barros, Xenia
Mazoni, Claudia G.
Noto, Ana Regina [UNIFESP]
Fernandes Galduroz, Jose Carlos [UNIFESP]
Barros, Helena M. T.
Fed Univ Hlth Sci UFCSPA
Univ Fed Ciencias Saude Porto Alegre
Univ Luterana Brasil
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: Domestic violence
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2011
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Journal of Family Violence. New York: Springer/plenum Publishers, v. 26, n. 6, p. 465-471, 2011.
Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate psychological or physical violence associated with the use of alcohol, in residences of individuals in Brazil and, also describe the social characteristics of aggressors and victims. Therefore, this study expects to contribute to studies in Brazil that seek to clarify the relations between alcohol and violence in residences. A total of 454 respondents, 12-65 years old, were assessed, they were sorted by the Kish method, and the residences randomly. the SAMHSA questionnaire was utilized after translated and adapted to Brazilian conditions. 26% of the individuals reported psychological violence, and 16% reported physical violence. the study's main results set the differences in the reports for physical violence (OR 7, 95% CI: 4-13) and psychological violence (OR 5, 95% CI: 3-8) in residences where someone arrived or became intoxicated with alcohol (P < 0.05). 50% of the aggressors were under the effects of alcohol, and 77% of the victims were relatives of their aggressors. Acts of violence are not necessarily associated with alcohol consumption. Men and women reported acts of domestic violence; psychological violence was the most prevalent form. Men are currently the primary aggressors, while women are primarily the victims.
ISSN: 0885-7482
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