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Title: Subdominant/Cryptic CD8 T Cell Epitopes Contribute to Resistance against Experimental Infection with a Human Protozoan Parasite
Authors: Dominguez, Mariana Ribeiro [UNIFESP]
Silveira, Eduardo Lani Volpe da [UNIFESP]
Vasconcelos, Jose Ronnie Carvalho de [UNIFESP]
Alencar, Bruna C. G. de [UNIFESP]
Machado, Alexandre V.
Bruna-Romero, Oscar
Gazzinelli, Ricardo T.
Rodrigues, Mauricio Martins [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Fiocruz MS
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG)
Univ Massachusetts
Issue Date: 14-Jul-2011
Publisher: Public Library Science
Citation: Plos One. San Francisco: Public Library Science, v. 6, n. 7, 12 p., 2011.
Abstract: During adaptive immune response, pathogen-specific CD8(+) T cells recognize preferentially a small number of epitopes, a phenomenon known as immunodominance. Its biological implications during natural or vaccine-induced immune responses are still unclear. Earlier, we have shown that during experimental infection, the human intracellular pathogen Trypanosoma cruzi restricts the repertoire of CD8(+) T cells generating strong immunodominance. We hypothesized that this phenomenon could be a mechanism used by the parasite to reduce the breath and magnitude of the immune response, favoring parasitism, and thus that artificially broadening the T cell repertoire could favor the host. Here, we confirmed our previous observation by showing that CD8(+) T cells of H-2(a) infected mice recognized a single epitope of an immunodominant antigen of the trans-sialidase super-family. in sharp contrast, CD8(+) T cells from mice immunized with recombinant genetic vaccines ( plasmid DNA and adenovirus) expressing this same T. cruzi antigen recognized, in addition to the immunodominant epitope, two other subdominant epitopes. This unexpected observation allowed us to test the protective role of the immune response to subdominant epitopes. This was accomplished by genetic vaccination of mice with mutated genes that did not express a functional immunodominant epitope. We found that these mice developed immune responses directed solely to the subdominant/cryptic CD8 T cell epitopes and a significant degree of protective immunity against infection mediated by CD8(+) T cells. We concluded that artificially broadening the T cell repertoire contributes to host resistance against infection, a finding that has implications for the host-parasite relationship and vaccine development.
ISSN: 1932-6203
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