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Title: Decreased insulin secretion and increased risk of type 2 diabetes associated with allelic variations of the WFS1 gene: the Data from Epidemiological Study on the Insulin Resistance Syndrome (DESIR) prospective study
Authors: Cheurfa, Nadir
Brenner, Guilherme M.
Reis, André Fernandes [UNIFESP]
Dubois-Laforgue, Daniele
Roussel, Ronan
Tichet, Jean
Lantieri, Olivier
Balkau, Beverley
Fumeron, Frederic
Timsit, José
Marre, Michel
Velho, Gilberto
Univ Paris 07
Fed Univ Hlth Sci Porto Alegre
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Assistance Publ Hop Paris Cochin Hosp
Univ Paris 05
Assistance Publ Hop Paris Bichat Hosp
Inst Inter Reg Sante IRSA
Univ Paris 11
Keywords: Endoplasmic reticulum stress
Genetic epidemiology
Population studies
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2011
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Diabetologia. New York: Springer, v. 54, n. 3, p. 554-562, 2011.
Abstract: We investigated associations of allelic variations in the WFS1 gene with insulin secretion and risk of type 2 diabetes in a general population prospective study.We studied 5,110 unrelated French men and women who participated in the prospective Data from Epidemiological Study on the Insulin Resistance Syndrome (DESIR) study. Additional cross-sectional analyses were performed on 4,472 French individuals with type 2 diabetes and 3,065 controls. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped: rs10010131, rs1801213/rs7672995 and rs734312.We observed statistically significant associations between the major alleles of the three variants and prevalent type 2 diabetes in the DESIR cohort at baseline. Cox analyses showed an association between the G-allele of rs10010131 and incident type 2 diabetes (HR 1.34, 95% CI 1.08-1.70, p = 0.007). Similar results were observed for the G-allele of rs1801213 and the A-allele of rs734312. the GGA haplotype was associated with an increased risk of diabetes as compared with the ACG haplotype (HR 1.26, 95% CI 1.04-1.42, p = 0.02). We also observed statistically significant associations of the three SNPs with plasma glucose, HbA(1c) levels and insulin secretion at baseline and throughout the study in individuals with type 2 diabetes or at risk of developing diabetes. However, no association was observed in those who remained normoglycaemic at the end of the follow-up. Associations between the three variants and type 2 diabetes were replicated in cross-sectional studies of type 2 diabetic patients in comparison with a non-diabetic control group.The most frequent haplotype at the haplotype block containing the WFS1 gene modulated insulin secretion and was associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
ISSN: 0012-186X
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