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Title: Spectral dependence of aerosol light absorption over the Amazon Basin
Authors: Rizzo, Luciana Varanda [UNIFESP]
Correia, Aexandre Lima
Artaxo, Paulo
Procopio, Aline Sarmento
Andreae, Meinrat O.
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Univ Fed Juiz de Fora
Max Planck Inst Chem
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2011
Publisher: Copernicus Gesellschaft Mbh
Citation: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. Gottingen: Copernicus Gesellschaft Mbh, v. 11, n. 17, p. 8899-8912, 2011.
Abstract: In this study, we examine the spectral dependence of aerosol absorption at different sites and seasons in the Amazon Basin. the analysis is based on measurements performed during three intensive field experiments at a pasture site (Fazenda Nossa Senhora, Rondonia) and at a primary forest site (Cuieiras Reserve, Amazonas), from 1999 to 2004. Aerosol absorption spectra were measured using two Aethalometers: a 7-wavelength Aethalometer (AE30) that covers the visible (VIS) to near-infrared (NIR) spectral range, and a 2-wavelength Aethalometer (AE20) that measures absorption in the UV and in the NIR. As a consequence of biomass burning emissions, about 10 times greater absorption values were observed in the dry season in comparison to the wet season. Power law expressions were fitted to the measurements in order to derive the absorption Angstrom exponent, defined as the negative slope of absorption versus wavelength in a log-log plot. At the pasture site, about 70% of the absorption Angstrom exponents fell between 1.5 and 2.5 during the dry season, indicating that biomass burning aerosols have a stronger spectral dependence than soot carbon particles. Angstrom exponents decreased from the dry to the wet season, in agreement with the shift from biomass burning aerosols, predominant in the fine mode, to biogenic and dust aerosols, predominant in the coarse mode. the lowest absorption Angstrom exponents (90% of data below 1.5) were observed at the forest site during the dry season. Also, results indicate that low absorption coefficients were associated with low Angstrom exponents. This finding suggests that biogenic aerosols from Amazonia have a weaker spectral dependence for absorption than biomass burning aerosols, contradicting our expectations of biogenic particles behaving as brown carbon. in a first order assessment, results indicate a small (<1 %) effect of variations in absorption Angstrom exponents on 24-h aerosol forcings, at least in the spectral range of 450-880 nm. Further studies should be taken to assess the corresponding impact in the UV spectral range. the assumption that soot spectral properties represent all ambient light absorbing particles may cause a misjudgment of absorption towards the UV, especially in remote areas. Therefore, it is recommended to measure aerosol absorption at several wavelengths to accurately assess the impact of non-soot aerosols on climate and on photochemical atmospheric processes.
ISSN: 1680-7316
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