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|Title:||Intrinsic Fluorescence of Protoporphyrin IX from Blood Samples Can Yield Information on the Growth of Prostate Tumours|
|Authors:||Silva, Flávia Rodrigues de Oliveira [UNIFESP]|
Helena Bellini, Maria [UNIFESP]
Regina Tristao, Vivian [UNIFESP]
Schor, Nestor [UNIFESP]
Vieira, Nilson Dias
Courrol, Lilia Coronato [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
IPEN CNEN SP
|Citation:||Journal of Fluorescence. New York: Springer/plenum Publishers, v. 20, n. 6, p. 1159-1165, 2010.|
|Abstract:||Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men, and unfortunately many prostate tumours remain asymptomatic until they reach advanced stages. Diagnosis is typically performed through Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) quantification, Digital Rectal Examination (DRE) and Transrectal Ultrasonography (TU). the antigen (PSA) is secreted by all prostatic epithelial cells and not exclusively by cancerous ones, so its concentration also increases in the presence of other prostatic diseases. DRE and TU are not reliable for early detection, when histological analysis of prostate tissue obtained from a biopsy is necessary. in this context, fluorescence techniques are very important for the diagnosis of cancer. in this paper we explore the potential of using endogenous phorphyrin blood fluorescence as tumour marker for prostate cancer. Substances such as porphyrin derivatives accumulate substantially more in tumours than in normal tissues; thus, measuring blood porphyrin concentration by autofluorescence intensity may provide a good parameter for determining tumour stage. in this study, the autofluorescence of blood porphyrin was analyzed using fluorescence and excitation spectroscopy on healthy male NUDE mice and in those with prostate cancer induced by inoculation of DU145 cells. A significant contrast between the blood of normal and cancer subjects could be established. Blood porphyrin fluorophore showed an enhancement on the fluorescence band around 632 nm following tumour growth. Fluorescence detection has advantages over other light-based investigation methods: high sensitivity, high speed and safety. However it does carry the drawback of low specificity of detection. the extraction of blood porphyrin using acetone can solve this problem, since optical excitation of further molecular species can be excluded, and light scattering from blood samples is negligible.|
|Appears in Collections:||Em verificação - Geral|
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