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|Title:||Lower respiratory tract infections among human immunodeficiency virus-exposed, uninfected infants|
|Authors:||Mussi-Pinhata, Marisa M.|
Souza, Ricardo de
Succi, Regina Célia de Menezes [UNIFESP]
Christie, Celia D. C.
Rolon, Maria J.
Read, Jennifer S.
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Univ Caxias Sul
Hosp Diego Paroissien
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ W Indies
Hosp Juan Fernandez
Hosp Agudos Dra Cecilia Grierson
|Citation:||International Journal of Infectious Diseases. Oxford: Elsevier B.V., v. 14, p. E176-E182, 2010.|
|Abstract:||Objectives: To evaluate whether maternal HIV disease severity during pregnancy is associated with an increased likelihood of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) in HIV-exposed, uninfected infants.Methods: HIV-exposed, uninfected, singleton, term infants enrolled in the NISDI Perinatal Study, with birth weight >2500 g were followed from birth until 6 months of age. LRTI diagnoses, hospitalizations, and associated factors were assessed.Results: of 547 infants, 103 (18.8%) experienced 116 episodes of LRTI (incidence = 0.84 LRTIs/100 child-weeks). Most (81%) episodes were bronchiolitis. Forty-nine (9.0%) infants were hospitalized at least once with an LRTI. There were 53 hospitalizations (45.7%) for 116 LRTI episodes. None of these infants were breastfed. the odds of LRTI in infants whose mothers had CD4% <14 at enrollment were 4.4 times those of infants whose mothers had CD4% >= 29 (p = 0.003). the odds of LRTI in infants with a CD4+ count (cells/ mm(3)) <750 at hospital discharge were 16.0 times those of infants with CD4+ >= 750 (p = 0.002). Maternal CD4+ decline and infant hemoglobin at the 6-12 week visit were associated with infant LRTIs after 6-12 weeks and before 6 months of age.Conclusions: Acute bronchiolitis is common and frequently severe among HIV-exposed, uninfected infants aged 6 months or less. Lower maternal and infant CD4+ values were associated with a higher risk of infant LRTIs. Further understanding of the immunological mechanisms of severe LRTIs is needed. (C) 2010 International Society for Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Em verificação - Geral|
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