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Title: Lower respiratory tract infections among human immunodeficiency virus-exposed, uninfected infants
Authors: Mussi-Pinhata, Marisa M.
Motta, Fabrizio
Freimanis-Hance, Laura
Souza, Ricardo de
Szyld, Edgardo
Succi, Regina Célia de Menezes [UNIFESP]
Christie, Celia D. C.
Rolon, Maria J.
Ceriotto, Mariana
Read, Jennifer S.
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Univ Caxias Sul
Hosp Diego Paroissien
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ W Indies
Hosp Juan Fernandez
Hosp Agudos Dra Cecilia Grierson
Keywords: HIV-exposed
Latin America
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2010
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: International Journal of Infectious Diseases. Oxford: Elsevier B.V., v. 14, p. E176-E182, 2010.
Abstract: Objectives: To evaluate whether maternal HIV disease severity during pregnancy is associated with an increased likelihood of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) in HIV-exposed, uninfected infants.Methods: HIV-exposed, uninfected, singleton, term infants enrolled in the NISDI Perinatal Study, with birth weight >2500 g were followed from birth until 6 months of age. LRTI diagnoses, hospitalizations, and associated factors were assessed.Results: of 547 infants, 103 (18.8%) experienced 116 episodes of LRTI (incidence = 0.84 LRTIs/100 child-weeks). Most (81%) episodes were bronchiolitis. Forty-nine (9.0%) infants were hospitalized at least once with an LRTI. There were 53 hospitalizations (45.7%) for 116 LRTI episodes. None of these infants were breastfed. the odds of LRTI in infants whose mothers had CD4% <14 at enrollment were 4.4 times those of infants whose mothers had CD4% >= 29 (p = 0.003). the odds of LRTI in infants with a CD4+ count (cells/ mm(3)) <750 at hospital discharge were 16.0 times those of infants with CD4+ >= 750 (p = 0.002). Maternal CD4+ decline and infant hemoglobin at the 6-12 week visit were associated with infant LRTIs after 6-12 weeks and before 6 months of age.Conclusions: Acute bronchiolitis is common and frequently severe among HIV-exposed, uninfected infants aged 6 months or less. Lower maternal and infant CD4+ values were associated with a higher risk of infant LRTIs. Further understanding of the immunological mechanisms of severe LRTIs is needed. (C) 2010 International Society for Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1201-9712
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