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Title: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms in indigenous children from the Brazilian Amazon
Authors: Azevedo, Paulo Verlaine Borges e
Caixeta, Leonardo
Andrade, Laura Helena Silveira
Bordin, Isabel Altenfelder [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity
mental health
child psychiatry
indigenous health
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2010
Publisher: Assoc Arquivos Neuro- Psiquiatria
Citation: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria. São Paulo, SP: Assoc Arquivos Neuro- Psiquiatria, v. 68, n. 4, p. 541-544, 2010.
Abstract: The clinical constructs of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been described in several cultures worldwide. Yet this symptomatic presentation still remains to be assessed in remote population groups. Objective: To explore the possibility of the existence of ADHD symptoms among settlement-dwelling indigenous children of the Karaja ethnic group. in the Brazilian Amazon and to estimate the rate of ADHD symptoms among 7-16-year-olds. Method: All parents/caretakers of 7-16-year olds from all (N=5) most populated indigenous groups were invited to participate, if they were worried about their children emotional/behavioural problems. Fifty three parents spontaneously came for a psychiatric interview (DSM-IV criteria applied), individually conducted at the settlement's health post by a child psychiatrist. Results: the estimated rate of ADHD symptoms in problematic indigenous children aged 7-16 years was 24.5% (95% Cl: 13.6-35.4) since 13 out of 53 parents/caretakers reported the classical triad of ADHD symptoms (inattentiveness, hyperactivity, impulsiveness). Conclusion: ADHD is a clinically relevant construct in the Karaja indigenous population, representing a major concern among parents/caretakers of children and adolescents from this ethnic group.
ISSN: 0004-282X
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