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Title: Mechanical vibration preserves bone structure in rats treated with glucocorticoids
Authors: Oliveira, Monica Longo de [UNIFESP]
Bergamaschi, Cassia T. [UNIFESP]
Silva, Orivaldo Lopes
Nonaka, Keiko Okino [UNIFESP]
Wang, Charles Chenwei [UNIFESP]
Carvalho, Aluizio Barbosa [UNIFESP]
Jorgetti, Vanda
Campos, Ruy R. [UNIFESP]
Lazaretti-Castro, Marise [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Keywords: Mechanical vibration
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2010
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Bone. New York: Elsevier B.V., v. 46, n. 6, p. 1516-1521, 2010.
Abstract: Glucocorticoids are an important cause of secondary osteoporosis in humans, which decreases bone quality and leads to fractures. Mechanical stimulation in the form of low-intensity and high-frequency vibration seems to be able to prevent bone loss and to stimulate bone formation. the objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of mechanical vibration on bone structure in rats treated with glucocorticoids. Thirty 3-month-old adult male Wistar rats were randomized to three groups: control (C), glucocorticoid (G), and glucocorticoid with vibration (CV). the G and GV groups received 3.5 mg/kg/day of methylprednisolone 5 days/week for a duration of 9 weeks, and the C group received vehicle (saline solution) during the same period. the CV group was vibrated on a special platform for 30 min per day, 5 days per week during the experiment. the platform was set to provide a vertical acceleration of 1 G and a frequency of 60 Hz. Skeletal bone mass was evaluated by total body densitometry (DXA). Fracture load threshold, undecalcified bone histomorphometry, and bone volume were measured in tibias.Glucocorticoids induced a significantly lower weight gain (-9.7%) and reduced the bone mineral content (-9.2%) and trabecular number (-41.8%) and increased the trabecular spacing (+98.0%) in the G group, when compared to the control (C). Vibration (CV) was able to significantly preserve (29.2%) of the trabecular number and decrease the trabecular spacing (+ 26.6%) compared to the G group, although these parameters did not reach C group values.The fracture load threshold was not different between groups, but vibration significantly augmented the bone volume of the tibia by 21.4% in the CV group compared to the C group. Our study demonstrated that low-intensity and high-frequency mechanical vibration was able to partially inhibit the deleterious consequences of glucocorticoids on bone structure in rats. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 8756-3282
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