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Title: Development of a Sensitive and Specific Quantitative Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay for Blood Thyroglobulin Messenger Ribonucleic Acid in the Follow-Up of Patients with Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma
Authors: Boldarine, Valter Tadeu [UNIFESP]
Maciel, Rui Monteiro de Barros [UNIFESP]
Guimaraes, Gustavo Stuani [UNIFESP]
Nakabashi, Claudia Cristina Doimo [UNIFESP]
Camacho, Cléber Pinto [UNIFESP]
Andreoni, Danielle Macellaro [UNIFESP]
Mamone, Maria da Conceição de Oliveira Carneiro [UNIFESP]
Ikejiri, Elza Setsuko [UNIFESP]
Kasamatsu, Teresa Sayoko [UNIFESP]
Crispim, Felipe [UNIFESP]
Hojaij, Flavio Carneiro [UNIFESP]
Hidal, Jairo Tabacow [UNIFESP]
Biscolla, Rosa Paula Mello [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Inst Israelita Ensino & Pesquisa Albert Einstein
Fleury Med & Hlth
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2010
Publisher: Endocrine Soc
Citation: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. Chevy Chase: Endocrine Soc, v. 95, n. 4, p. 1726-1733, 2010.
Abstract: Context: Serum thyroglobulin is a sensitive tumor marker in the follow-up of patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC), but the presence of endogenous anti-thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAb) can interfere on its measurement. To prevent interference by TgAb, several investigators have tried to quantify blood mRNA Tg by real-time RT-PCR, but the results have been variable, not reporting a correlation between mRNA Tg and the presence of metastases.Objective: the aim of the study was to evaluate the development of a sensitive and specific quantitative RT-PCR assay for blood mRNA Tg in the follow-up of patients with DTC.Design and Patients: An assay employing primers located in a region not affected by alternative splicing or single nucleotide polymorphisms was developed to study 104 DTC patients (13 of 104 with positive TgAb).Results: the assay is specific for thyroid tissue because we found mRNA Tg expression in normal thyroid tissue, but we did not find any mRNA Tg expression in any extrathyroidal tissues. Quantitative mRNA Tg levels were significantly different between patients free of disease (82 of 104) and those with metastases (22 of 104) (2.61 +/- 0.26 vs. 27.58 +/- 1.62 pg mRNA Tg/mu g RNA) (P < 0.0001). A cutoff point of 5.51 was able to discriminate between the two groups. in addition, the measurement of mRNA Tg was not affected by the presence of TgAb.Conclusion: This new mRNA Tg quantification is a reliable method that allowed us to differentiate patients free of disease from those with metastases, and it could represent an appropriate molecular marker for the follow-up of patients with DTC, especially those with positive TgAb. (J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95: 1726-1733, 2010)
ISSN: 0021-972X
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