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Title: Prevalence of Epilepsy in Children From a Brazilian Area of High Deprivation
Authors: Sampaio, Leticia P. B.
Caboclo, Luis Otavio S. F. [UNIFESP]
Kuramoto, Karina
Reche, Angela
Yacubian, Elza Márcia Targas [UNIFESP]
Manreza, Maria Luiza G.
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Hosp Israelita Albert Einstein
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2010
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Pediatric Neurology. New York: Elsevier B.V., v. 42, n. 2, p. 111-117, 2010.
Abstract: This study assessed the prevalence rate of epilepsy and its causes in children and adolescents in one area of high deprivation in São Paulo, São Paulo, in Southeast Brazil. Between July 2005 and June 2006, 4947 families from a population of 22,013 inhabitants (including 10,405 children and adolescents between the ages of 0 and 16 years) living in the shantytown of Paraisopolis, were interviewed. in the first phase, a validated questionnaire was administered, to identify the occurrence of seizures. in the second phase, clinical history, neurologic examination, electroencephalography, and structural neuroimaging were performed. the diagnosis of epilepsy, including etiology, seizure types, and epileptic syndrome classification, was according to criteria of the International League Against Epilepsy. the screening phase identified 353 presumptive cases. in the second phase, 101 of these cases (33.8%) received the diagnosis of epilepsy. Crude prevalence of epilepsy was 9.7/1000 and prevalence of active epilepsy was 8.7/1000. Partial seizures were the most frequent seizure type (62/101). Symptomatic focal epilepsy was the most common form, and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy the most common etiology, reflecting the socioeconomic conditions of this specific population. Adequate public policies regarding perinatal assistance could help reduce the prevalence of epilepsy. (C) 2010 by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0887-8994
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