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Title: Impact of Prolonged Low-Grade Physical Training on the in vivo Glucocorticoid Sensitivity and on Glucocorticoid Receptor-alpha mRNA Levels of Obese Adolescents
Authors: Costantin Faria, Claudia Dutra
Castro, Roberta Borges
Longui, Carlos Alberto
Kochi, Cristiane
Perino Barbosa, Vera Lucia
Sousa e Silva, Tatiane
Rocha, Mylene Neves
Melo, Murilo Rezende
Monte, Osmar
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Santa Casa São Paulo
Movere Inst Community Act
Keywords: Glucocorticoid sensitivity
Glucocorticoid receptor
Physical exercise
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2010
Publisher: Karger
Citation: Hormone Research in Paediatrics. Basel: Karger, v. 73, n. 6, p. 458-464, 2010.
Abstract: Background/Aim: Healthy individuals present variable responses of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis induced by different patterns of physical training. the aim of this study was to evaluate whether prolonged low- grade physical training influences the HPA axis and also glucocorticoid receptor-alpha (GR alpha) mRNA levels in mononuclear cells of obese adolescents. Methods: We studied 19 patients with BMI above the 95th percentile (male: female ratio 7:12) aged from 9.5 to 15.5 years. Patients underwent a 12-week physical exercise program. Before and after exercise, in vivo glucocorticoid sensitivity was determined by employing a verylow-dose intravenous dexamethasone suppression test, and in vitro GR alpha mRNA levels were evaluated by quantitative real- time PCR. Results: After exercise there was a trend to reduce the in vivo glucocorticoid sensitivity (p = 0.071) and a significant increase in GR alpha mRNA levels (p = 0.025). Conclusion: for this subset of obese adolescents, prolonged low- grade physical training tended to reduce glucocorticoid sensitivity. the discrepancy of cortisol response to dexamethasone and the GR alpha mRNA measurement suggest a post-receptor phenomenon or should be related to target tissue-specific differences in glucocorticoid sensitivity. Future studies should address the adaptive GR alpha mRNA during different exercise protocols, and also the correlation of pituitary sensitivity with glucocorticoid target tissue sensitivity. Copyright (C) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel
ISSN: 1663-2818
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