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Title: Vitamin D Receptor and Calcium-Sensing Receptor Gene Polymorphisms in Hypercalciuric Stone-Forming Patients
Authors: Ferreira, Larissa Gorayb [UNIFESP]
Pereira, Alexandre Costa
Heilberg, Ita Pfeferman [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Keywords: Bone mineral density
Calcium-sensing receptor
Idiopathic hypercalciuria
Vitamin D receptor
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2010
Publisher: Karger
Citation: Nephron Clinical Practice. Basel: Karger, v. 114, n. 2, p. C135-C144, 2010.
Abstract: Background/Aim: Some studies have identified an association of kidney stone formation with vitamin D receptor (VDR) or calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) polymorphisms. We aimed to evaluate the association between these polymorphisms with urinary calcium excretion (uCa) in calcium-stone-forming patients. Methods: VDR polymorphism, detected by BsmI digestion, and 3 CaSR polymorphisms (G/T at codon 986, G/A at codon 990 and C/G at codon 1011), detected by direct sequencing, were evaluated in 100 hypercalciuric (HCa) and 101 normocalciuric (NCa) calcium-stone-forming patients. Results: the total allelic frequency of VDR polymorphism was: 16% BB, 49% Bb and 35% bb. the prevalence of bb genotype was significantly higher in the HCa when compared to the NCa group (43 vs. 27%). With respect to CaSR polymorphisms, 986S, 990G and 1011E variant alleles were detected, respectively, in 5, 4 and 3% of the whole sample and 5 CaSR haplotypes were identified: 94% ARQ (wildtype), 3% SRQ, 1.5% AGQ, 1.0% ARE and 0.5% AGE. No statistical differences have been observed between NCa and HCa with respect to these CaSR haplotypes. Conclusions: the present study suggested that bb homozygous for VDR polymorphism was overrepresented in hypercalciuric stone formers. Urinary calcium excretion was not associated with CaSR polymorphism in the present sample. Copyright (C) 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel
ISSN: 1660-2110
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