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Title: New Approach for Diagnosis of Candidemia Based on Detection of a 65-Kilodalton Antigen
Authors: Berzaghi, Rodrigo [UNIFESP]
Colombo, Arnaldo Lopes [UNIFESP]
Oliveira Machado, Antonia Maria de [UNIFESP]
Camargo, Zoilo Pires de [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2009
Publisher: Amer Soc Microbiology
Citation: Clinical and Vaccine Immunology. Washington: Amer Soc Microbiology, v. 16, n. 11, p. 1538-1545, 2009.
Abstract: Nosocomial candidiasis is a major concern in tertiary care hospitals worldwide. This infection generally occurs in patients with degenerative and neoplastic diseases and is considered the fourth most frequent cause of bloodstream infections. Diagnosis of candidemia or hematogenous candidiasis has been problematic because clinical signs and symptoms are nonspecific, leading to delays in diagnosis and, consequently, delays in appropriate antifungal therapy. We developed an inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detection of a 65-kDa antigen in an experimental model of candidemia and for diagnosis of patients in intensive care units (ICUs) with suspected candidemia. An anti-65-kDa monoclonal antibody was tested for detection of the 65-kDa antigen produced by Candida albicans, Candida tropicalis, and Candida parapsilosis in murine candidemia models. the 65-kDa antigen was detected in sera at concentrations ranging from 0.012 to 3.25 mu g/ml. A total of 20 human patients with candidemia were then evaluated with the inhibition ELISA using sequential sera. Sixteen (80%) patients had the 65-kDa antigen in concentrations ranging from 0.07 to 5.0 mu g/ml. Sequential sera from patients with candidemia presented three different patterns of antigenemia of the 65-kDa molecule: (i) total clearance of antigenemia, (ii) initial clearance and relapse of antigenemia, and (iii) partial clearance of antigenemia. Our results indicate detection of the 65-kDa protein may be a valuable tool for the diagnosis of candidemia by C. albicans, C. tropicalis, and C. parapsilosis.
ISSN: 1556-6811
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