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Title: Immunoexpression of inhibitors of apoptosis proteins and their antagonist SMAC/DIABLO in colorectal carcinoma: Correlation with apoptotic index, cellular proliferation and prognosis
Authors: Lima, Flavio de Oliveira [UNIFESP]
Costa, Henrique de Oliveira [UNIFESP]
Barrezueta, Luis Fernando Mesias [UNIFESP]
Oshima, Celina Tizuko Fujiyama [UNIFESP]
Silva, Jose Antonio
Gomes, Thiago Simao [UNIFESP]
Pinheiro, Nathanael [UNIFESP]
Artigiani Neto, Ricardo [UNIFESP]
Franco, Marcello [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Nove Julho
Keywords: colorectal carcinoma
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2009
Publisher: Spandidos Publ Ltd
Citation: Oncology Reports. Athens: Spandidos Publ Ltd, v. 22, n. 2, p. 295-303, 2009.
Abstract: The inhibitors of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) act by directly blocking cleaved caspase-3 (XIAP) or the protein SMAC/DIABLO, an antagonist. the inhibition of XIAP activity or the increase of SMAC activity might improve the therapeutic response of the patients. This work evaluated the immunoexpression of IAPs and SMAC in colorectal carcinoma and their correlation with apoptotic index (AI), cellular proliferation, p53 protein immunoexpression and patient survival rate. TMA paraffin blocks were made with colorectal cancer tissue and adjacent non-tumorous mucosa of 130 patients, not submitted to radio or chemotherapy. Sections of 4 pm were processed by immunohistochemistry for survivin, XIAP, cIAP-1, cIAP-2 and SMAC, and the immunoexpression scores were obtained. They were correlated between each other and with the AI obtained by anti-cleaved caspase-3 and M30 (cleaved cytokeratin-18) antibodies, the cellular proliferation index, p53 protein immunoexpression and patient survival data. Direct correlation occurred between the four IAPs studied in tumor and non-tumorous mucosa tissues. SMAC, survivin, cIAP-1 and cIAP-2 were positively correlated with tumoral tissue AI. Cellular proliferation and p53 immunoexpression was positively correlated with XIAP, SMAC and cIAP-1 scores. Low cIAP-1 immunoexpression showed a tendency for correlation with shorter patient survival. Equilibrium between the activities of IAPs and SMAC was demonstrated by the direct correlation between their immunoexpress ion. Correlation between SMAC and AI confirmed the pro-apoptotic activity of this protein. XIAP showed no inverse correlation with AI. XIAP, SMAC and cIAP-1 play a role in colorectal tumorigenesis, as demonstrated by their direct correlation with cellular proliferation and p53 protein. the tendency for correlation between low cIAP-1 immunoexpress ion and survival might indicate a role for this protein as a prognostic marker in colorectal cancer.
ISSN: 1021-335X
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