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Title: Further delineation of nonhomologous-based recombination and evidence for subtelomeric segmental duplications in 1p36 rearrangements
Authors: D'Angelo, Carla S.
Gajecka, Marzena
Kim, Chong A.
Gentles, Andrew J.
Glotzbach, Caron D.
Shaffer, Lisa G.
Koiffmann, Celia P.
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Washington State Univ
Polish Acad Sci
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Stanford Univ
Signature Genom Labs
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2009
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Human Genetics. New York: Springer, v. 125, n. 5-6, p. 551-563, 2009.
Abstract: The mechanisms involved in the formation of subtelomeric rearrangements are now beginning to be elucidated. Breakpoint sequencing analysis of 1p36 rearrangements has made important contributions to this line of inquiry. Despite the unique architecture of segmental duplications inherent to human subtelomeres, no common mechanism has been identified thus far and different nonexclusive recombination-repair mechanisms seem to predominate. in order to gain further insights into the mechanisms of chromosome breakage, repair, and stabilization mediating subtelomeric rearrangements in humans, we investigated the constitutional rearrangements of 1p36. Cloning of the breakpoint junctions in a complex rearrangement and three non-reciprocal translocations revealed similarities at the junctions, such as microhomology of up to three nucleotides, along with no significant sequence identity in close proximity to the breakpoint regions. All the breakpoints appeared to be unique and their occurrence was limited to non-repetitive, unique DNA sequences. Several recombination- or cleavage-associated motifs that may promote non-homologous recombination were observed in close proximity to the junctions. We conclude that NHEJ is likely the mechanism of DNA repair that generates these rearrangements. Additionally, two apparently pure terminal deletions were also investigated, and the refinement of the breakpoint regions identified two distinct genomic intervals similar to 25-kb apart, each containing a series of 1p36 specific segmental duplications with 90-98% identity. Segmental duplications can serve as substrates for ectopic homologous recombination or stimulate genomic rearrangements.
ISSN: 0340-6717
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