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Title: Inducible nitric oxide synthase inhibition attenuates lung tissue responsiveness and remodeling in a model of chronic pulmonary inflammation in guinea pigs
Authors: Starling, Claudia M.
Prado, Carla M. [UNIFESP]
Leick-Maldonado, Edna A.
Lancas, Tatiana
Reis, Fabiana G.
Aristoteles, Luciana R. C. B. R.
Dolhnikoff, Marisa
Martins, Milton A.
Tiberio, Iolanda F. L. C.
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: iNOS
Experimental model of asthma
Lung tissue constriction
Collagen deposition
Issue Date: 28-Feb-2009
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 165, n. 2-3, p. 185-194, 2009.
Abstract: We evaluated the influence of iNOS-derived NO on the mechanics, inflammatory, and remodeling process in peripheral lung parenchyma of guinea pigs with chronic pulmonary allergic inflammation. Animals treated or not with 1400W were submitted to seven exposures of ovalbumin in increasing doses. Seventy-two hours after the 7th inhalation, lung strips were suspended in a Krebs organ bath, and tissue resistance and elastance measured at baseline and after ovalbumin challenge. the strips were submitted to histopathological measurements. the ovalbumin-exposed animals showed increased maximal responses of resistance and elastance (p < 0.05), eosinophils counting (p < 0.001), iNOS-positive cells (p < 0.001), collagen and elastic fiber deposition (p < 0.05), actin density (p < 0.05) and 8-iso-PGF2 alpha expression (p < 0.001) in alveolar septa compared to saline-exposed ones. Ovalbumin-exposed animals treated with 1400 W had a significant reduction in lung functional and histopathological findings (p < 0.05). We showed that iNOS-specific inhibition attenuates lung parenchyma constriction, inflammation, and remodeling, suggesting NO-participation in the modulation of the oxidative stress pathway. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1569-9048
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