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Title: Effects of the venom and the dermonecrotic toxin LiRecDT1 of Loxosceles intermedia in the rat liver
Authors: Christoff, Adriana de Oliveira
Oliveira, Anabel de
Chaim, Olga Meiri [UNIFESP]
Lugarini, Daiana
Pereira, Amanda Leite Bastos
Paludo, Katia Sabrina [UNIFESP]
Telles, Jose Ederaldo Queiroz
Bracht, Adelar
Veiga, Silvio Sanches
Acco, Alexandra
Univ Fed Parana
Universidade Estadual de Maringá (UEM)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: Brown spider
Loxosceles intermedia
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2008
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Toxicon. Oxford: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V., v. 52, n. 6, p. 695-704, 2008.
Abstract: Brown spider bites cause dermonecrotic lesions and systemic manifestations known as loxoscelism. the Loxosceles intermedia venom contains many active proteins, as phospholipase D. There are reports of increased levels of hepatic transaminases in humans with loxoscelism, but detailed studies about the action of the Loxosceles intermedia venom on the liver functions are lacking. the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the venom and the dermonecrotic recombinant toxin 1 (LiRecDT1) in the liver of Wistar rats injected subcutaneously with venom (80 mu g) or toxin (80 mu g). After 6 and 12 in the liver immunofluorescence was positive for venom and toxin. Hepatocytes from the venom group were tumefacted and apoptotic. There was leucocyte infiltration in the portal region combined with a high degree of steatosis in 12 h. in the toxin group the histological alterations were less severe. Plasma levels of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and gamma-glutamyl-transferase were significantly elevated only in the venom group in 6 h. Hepatic metabolism was modified: the venom, but not LiRecDT1, reduced gluconeogenesis and ureagenesis from alanine and glycogen accumulation. These results show that the venom is hepatortoxic and that the dermonecrotic toxin is only partly responsible. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0041-0101
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