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Title: A Comparative Study of Performance in the Conners' Continuous Performance Test Between Brazilian and North American Children
Authors: Miranda, Monica Carolina [UNIFESP]
Sinnes, Elaine Girao [UNIFESP]
Pompeia, Sabine [UNIFESP]
Amodeo Bueno, Orlando Francisco [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: Continuous Perfomance Test
child development
comparative study
cultural differences
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2008
Publisher: Sage Publications Inc
Citation: Journal of Attention Disorders. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications Inc, v. 11, n. 5, p. 588-598, 2008.
Abstract: The present study investigated the performance of Brazilian children in the Continuous Performance Test, CPT-II, and compared results to those of the norms obtained in the United States. Method: the U. S. norms were compared to those of a Brazilian sample composed of 6- to 11-year-olds separated into 4 age-groups (half boys) that represented the socioeconomic class distribution of São Paulo City. the children were prescreened for attention deficit disorders (ADHD). Results: Age and gender effects in the Brazilian sample were similar to those previously described. However, the Brazilian sample showed better performance in almost all measures in all age-groups compared to that of the United States. Conclusion: It is discussed that differences between samples probably reflect lack of ADHD screening of the U. S. children. More studies are necessary to determine if the CPT-II is a cross-cultural test with participants from different samples matched for age, gender, and socioeconomic status screened for ADHD. (J. of Att. Dis. 2008; 11(5) 588-598)
ISSN: 1087-0547
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