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Title: The critical interaction of the metallopeptidase PHEX with heparan sulfate proteoglycans
Authors: Barros, Nilana M. T. [UNIFESP]
Nascimento, Fabio D. [UNIFESP]
Oliveira, Vitor [UNIFESP]
Juliano, Maria Aparecida [UNIFESP]
Juliano, Luiz [UNIFESP]
Loisel, Thomas
Nader, Helena B. [UNIFESP]
Boileau, Guy
Tersariol, Ivarne L. S.
Carmona, Adriana K. [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Enobia Pharma Inc
Univ Montreal
Univ Mogi das Cruzes
Keywords: Phosphate-regulating gene with homologies to endopeptidase on the X chromosome (PHEX)
Heparan sulfate
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2008
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology. Oxford: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V., v. 40, n. 12, p. 2781-2792, 2008.
Abstract: The PHEX gene (phosphate-regulating gene with homologies to endopeptidase on the X chromosome) identified as a mutated gene in patients with X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH), encodes a protein (PHEX) that shows striking homologies to members of the M13 family of zinc metallopeptidases. in the present work the interaction of glycosaminoglycans with PHEX has been investigated by affinity chromatography, circular dichroism, protein intrinsic fluorescence analysis, hydrolysis of FRET substrates flow cytometry and confocal microscopy. PHEX was eluted from a heparin-Sepharose chromatography column at 0.8 M NaCl showing a strong interaction with heparin. Circular dichroism spectra and intrinsic fluorescence analysis showed that PHEX is protected by glycosaminoglycans against thermal denaturation. Heparin, heparan sulfate and chondroitin sulfate inhibited PHEX catalytic activity, however among them; heparin presented the highest inhibitory activity (K-i = 2.5 +/- 0.2 nM). Flow cytometry analysis showed that PHEX conjugated to Alexa Fluor 488 binds to the cell surface of CHO-K1, but did not bind to glycosaminoglycans defective cells CHO-745. Endogenous PHEX was detected at the cell surface of CHO-K1 colocalized with heparan sulfate proteoglycans, but was not found at the cell surface of glycosaminoglycans defective cells CHO-745. in permeabilized cells, PHEX was detected in endoplasmic reticulum of both cells. in addition, we observed that PHEX colocalizes with heparan sulfate at the cell surface of osteoblasts. This is the first report that the metallopeptidase PHEX is a heparin binding protein and that the interaction with GAGs modulates its enzymatic activity, protein stability and cellular trafficking. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1357-2725
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