Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/30075
Title: Intravenous polymyxin B for the treatment of nosocomial pneumonia caused by multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Authors: Furtado, Guilherme Henrique Campos
d'Azevedo, Pedro Alves [UNIFESP]
Santos, Anderson Fernandes
Gales, Ana Cristina
Pignatari, Antonio Carlos Campos
Medeiros, Eduardo Alexandrino Servolo
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: polymyxin B
treatment
nosocomial pneumonia
multidrug resistance
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2007
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 30, n. 4, p. 315-319, 2007.
Abstract: Nosocomial pneumonia caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa is becoming increasingly prevalent throughout the world. the use of polymyxins to treat these infections has greatly increased. We analysed 74 patients with nosocomial pneumonia caused by MDR P aeruginosa who were treated with polymyxin B. A favourable outcome was observed in 35 patients (47.3%). A case-control study was performed to assess the variables associated with an unfavourable outcome. the presence of acute respiratory distress syndrome (odds ratio (OR)= 11.29, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.64-48.22; P=0.001) and septic shock (OR=4.81, 95% CI 1.42-16.25; P=0.01) were independently associated with an unfavourable outcome in patients with nosocomial pneumonia due to MDR P. aeruginosa. Our study demonstrated that polymyxin B is a reliable antimicrobial drug, but only as salvage therapy, for nosocomial pneumonia caused by MDR P. aeruginosa. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. and the International Society of Chemotherapy. All rights reserved.
URI: http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/30075
ISSN: 0924-8579
Other Identifiers: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2007.05.017
Appears in Collections:Em verificação - Geral

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