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Title: Role of exercise training in cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction and mortality in diabetic ovariectomized rats
Authors: Souza, Silvia Beatriz Paulino Cavasin de [UNIFESP]
Flues, Karin
Paulini, Janaina
Mostarda, Cristiano [UNIFESP]
Rodrigues, Bruno
Souza, Leandro E.
Irigoyen, Maria Claudia [UNIFESP]
De Angelis, Katia
Univ Sao Judas Tadeu
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: exercise training
autonomic function
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2007
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Citation: Hypertension. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, v. 50, n. 4, p. 786-791, 2007.
Abstract: Diabetes and menopause markedly increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in women. the objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of exercise training on cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction and on total mortality in diabetic female rats undergoing ovarian hormone deprivation. Female Wistar rats were divided into ovariectomized groups: sedentary and trained controls and sedentary and trained diabetic rats (streptozotocin, 50 mg/kg IV). Trained groups were submitted to an exercise training protocol on a treadmill (8 weeks). the baroreflex sensitivity was evaluated by heart rate responses to arterial pressure changes. Heart rate variability was determined using the SD of the basal heart rate. Vagal and sympathetic tonus were evaluated by pharmacological blockade. Diabetes impaired baroreflex sensitivity (approximate to 55%), vagal tonus (approximate to 68%), and heart rate variability (approximate to 38%). Exercise training improved baroreflex sensitivity and heart rate variability in control and diabetic groups in relation to their sedentary groups. Trained control rats presented increased vagal tonus compared with that of sedentary ones. the sympathetic tonus was reduced in the trained diabetic group as compared with that of other studied groups. Significant correlations were obtained between heart rate variability and vagal tonus with baroreflex sensitivity. Mortality, assessed during the training period, was reduced in trained diabetic (25%) rats compared with mortality in sedentary diabetic rats (60%). Together, these findings suggest that decreases in baroreflex sensitivity and heart rate variability may be related to increased mortality in female diabetic subjects and that improved autonomic regulation induced by exercise training may contribute to decreased mortality in this population.
ISSN: 0194-911X
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