Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/29399
Title: Seasonal variation of suicide in Brazil
Authors: Benedito-Silva, Ana Amelia [UNIFESP]
Pires, Maria Laura Nogueira [UNIFESP]
Calil, Helena Maria [UNIFESP]
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: suicide
seasonality
photoperiod
sex
latitude
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2007
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Inc
Citation: Chronobiology International. Philadelphia: Taylor & Francis Inc, v. 24, n. 4, p. 727-737, 2007.
Abstract: Most of what is known about the seasonal variation in suicide rate originates from studies conducted in the northern hemisphere; very few studies have been done in the southern hemisphere. the purpose of the present study was to explore the possibility that in Brazil, the seasonal variation of suicides is a function of photoperiod. This was accomplished by analyzing monthly suicide data for a 12 yr period (1979 to 1990), within latitudes ranging from 2 degrees N to 33 degrees S. Single cosinor analyses with periods of 12 or 6 months were applied to time series of monthly total and suicidal deaths, separated by gender and state. Significant spring or early summer peaks of suicide were found only in the south of Brazil for both men and women, except for the latter in one state. These peaks did not coincide with those found for total deaths, which occurred in the autumn or winter in all areas. No significant six-month period was found. in the present study, the chance of a suicide was typically 10-17% higher during the peak period than during the other months of the year. Although this moderate seasonal effect might not be sufficient to justify planning large scale prophylactic interventions, those dealing with patients who have suicide ideation should be aware of this high risk time.
URI: http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/29399
ISSN: 0742-0528
Other Identifiers: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07420520701535795
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