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Title: Heparin modulation of human plasma kallikrein on different substrates and inhibitors
Authors: Gozzo, Andrezza Justino [UNIFESP]
Nunes, Viviane A. [UNIFESP]
Cruz-Silva, Ilana [UNIFESP]
Carmona, Adriana K. [UNIFESP]
Nader, Helena Bonciani [UNIFESP]
Faljoni-Alario, Adelaide
Sampaio, Misako U. [UNIFESP]
Araujo, Mariana S. [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Keywords: antithrombin
factor XII
synthetic substrates
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2006
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter & Co
Citation: Biological Chemistry. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter & Co, v. 387, n. 8, p. 1129-1138, 2006.
Abstract: The interplay of different proteases and glycosaminoglycans is able to modulate the activity of the enzymes and to affect their structures. Human plasma kallikrein ( huPK) is a proteolytic enzyme involved in intrinsic blood clotting, the kallikrein-kinin system and fibrinolysis. We investigated the effect of heparin on the action, inhibition and secondary structure of huPK. the catalytic efficiency for the hydrolysis of substrates by huPK was determined by Michaelis-Menten kinetic plots: 5.12 x 10(4) M-1 S-1 for acetyl-Phe-Arg-p-nitroanilide, 1.40 x 10(5) M-1 S-1 for H-D-ProPhe-Arg-p-nitroanilide, 2.25 x 10(4) M-1 S-1 for Abz-Gly-Phe-Ser-Pro-Phe-Arg-Ser-Ser-Arg-Gln-EDDnp, 4.24 x 10(2) M-1 S-1 for factor XII and 5.58 x 10(2) M-1 S-1 for plasminogen. Heparin reduced the hydrolysis of synthetic substrates ( by 2.0-fold), but enhanced factor XII and plasminogen hydrolysis ( 7.7- and 1.4-fold, respectively). the second-order rate constants for inhibition of huPK by antithrombin and C1-inhibitor were 2.40 x 10(2) M-1 S-1 and 1.70 x 10(4) M-1 S-1, respectively. Heparin improved the inhibition of huPK by these inhibitors ( 3.4- and 1.4-fold). Despite the fact that huPK was able to bind to a heparin-Sepharose matrix, its secondary structure was not modified by heparin, as monitored by circular dichroism. These actions may have a function in the control or maintenance of some pathophysiological processes in which huPK participates.
ISSN: 1431-6730
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Appears in Collections:Artigo

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